Sentence Structure – 15

Welcome!
This is the fifteenth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS-14. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the <Level selector tests>

How to use this SS-

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.

About this SS- Interrogative forms including all 3 tenses.

 


Vocabulary

 

The Table

Note: for future continuous tense the temporal (time specifying phrase) is essential and it is more specific than the ones used in simple future tense. 

The aim here is teach the student that only when a specific time ( like 5pm , 8 30 pm etc) in future is mentioned in the question then they can use the future continuous tense. so basically all future continuous tenses are answers to such questions: What will you be doing tonight at 5pm ? What will you play at the party tonight? – I will be playing the guitar at the party tonight.

In case if the time being asked is general then we use simple future tense only. What will you do tonight? – I will play cricket tonight.

Subject + will Verb + ing Object(optional) For/to/with+noun
(optional)
Spatial and  or temporal phrase (temporal phrase is essential)
| The                                                            dogs |
You |
I |
Raghav |
Madhav |
Radha |
My sister |
It |
| Will be |
| is /am/are
Going  to
|
| Would |
 Should |
Must |
Might | 
Shall | 
Ought to | 
can |
 | Going |
Sleeping | Raining |
Like |  Turn  on |  Turn off |  Play |
Eat |
Become |
Pass |
Carry | Call |
Phone |
Sit | Wear |
Meet |
sing |
listen |
give |
finish |  dance |
that leftover food |
lot of sweets |
the piano || a famous* film star/a great leader / a successful entrepreneur || the exam | my  school friend Sanjay |
me | Her present |
her new dress |
some** books |
a red t-shirt |
kho-kho |
cricket |
my work |
the bag |
| For your exams |
For you |
For a walk |
For a break |
For summer holidays |
For lunch/dinner/breakfast| To + place || To you/ my sister | To my favourite songs |  With her |
With my best friend |
| Today at 5 pm | In the class |
at his birthday party |
In the garden |
On the floor | here |  Early tonight |
Early | later
Today | This year | now | This afternoon | For*** the next 2 hours | in the playground at 6PM |at his home tonight | In the school tomorrow | In the bus after 10 mins |
[Retain only those sentences which make sense in the future continuous context]

Today at 5 pm, The dogs will be eating that leftover food. I will eat a lot of sweets at his birthday party (skipped column 4). Raghav will sleep early tonight.(Skipped column 5 & 4)

I will pass the exam tomorrow. I will carry the bag for you. I shall listen to my favourite songs tonight. I shall buy a present for her.

It might rain tonight. I might wear a red t-shirt for the party at her home tonight. She might play kho-kho for the next 2 hours.

He will be going to the gym for the next 2 days. I should go to my friends house tomorrow. I would not go to school for the next week.

I must meet my school friend Sanjay at his home tonight. I must give the books to her before 5 pm today. I must finish my work before 4pm.

We should play cricket in the playground at 6PM tonight. Radha should call/phone me for a walk at 5 pm today. She should like her new dress.

Madhav  would play cricket with you today at 5 pm. I would dance to a my favourite songs in the school tomorrow. I would listen to my favourite songs in the bus after 10 mins.

You ought to study for your exams now. I ought to sleep at 9 pm tonight.

He can swim. She can play Cricket. I can become a a successful entrepreneur.

 

 

 

 Subject List

 

 Will be  Verb                                             + ing  Object(Optional)
For + noun (optional) Spatial and  or temporal phrase(also mixed)
I

 

My sister

 

Their brother

 

 

Her friend

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Will be 

 

 

 

  

  eating
sleeping                                                          

  waking      up

studying

   going | 

   playing

   drinking

 

 

 

 

 

ing

  

 

Today, at 5pm

At my home

here in the night

there at lunch 

 

Tomorrow at 6 PM/


 

Exercises

 

VOCABULARY

TYPE WORDS
INTERROGATIVE WHO, WHY, WHEN, HOW, WHAT, WHERE
VERBS TO COLLECT, TO DRESS, TO PRACTICE, TO MEMORISE, TO TAKE, TO COME, TO DANCE, TO STUDY, TO TREK, TO PLAY, TO WEAR
WORDS INDICATING TIME TODAY, YESTERDAY, TOMORROW, NEXT WEEK, MORNING, AFTERNOON, EVENING,TONIGHT, DAYS OF THE WEEK
OTHER WORDS SCHOOL, SPECTACLES, PURSE, LUNCH, DINNER, MALL, PICNIC

 

Q1. Complete the following questions with the help of the answers given using the words in the brackets:

(where, when, what, who, why, how)

  1. _______ will Salil come to the play with us?

Salil will come at 4 o’clock.

  1. _______ is teaching us English?

Ms. Kumar is teaching us English.

  • _______ was the school picnic?

The school picnic was a lot of fun.

  1. _______ did you find your spectacles?

I found my spectacles in my purse.

  1. _______ are we having for dinner tonight?

We are having dal and rice for dinner tonight.

  1. _______ must the children drink milk?

The children must drink milk so that they stay healthy.

 

Q2. Change the following sentences into questions. The first one has been done for you.

Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Verb + Object + Spatial/Temporal phrase

  1. Sheila is wearing a red dress today.

Is Sheila wearing a red dress today?

  1. Amar eats 2 rotis everyday.
  • I will finish my work tomorrow.
  1. Sita was looking for Ram.
  2. India has 29 states.
  3. Niti asked me for help yesterday.
  • The school will start next week.
  • My mother was reading when I came home.
  1. The house can be built by December.
  2. Vinod is dancing in his room.

 

Q3.  Negate the following sentences:

  1. Ashish will be going to school tomorrow.
  2. Alok should be wearing the sports uniform on Friday.
  • Amita can continue doing her work till the evening.
  1. Kashish would be eating lunch when I reach home in the afternoon.
  2. Karan will be shopping for a gift for his friend’s birthday on Saturday.
  3. Ishani must be studying in the morning.
  • Ishita could pick you up from school next week.
  • Sarthak ought to be eating healthy food every day.
  1. Shantanu might go trekking on Tuesday.
  2. Saksham will be playing football for the next three hours.

Q4. The teacher is telling the students about their duties during their Annual Day function in school. Complete the following sentences:

  1. Rita should (be + to collect) _______ the costumes in the morning.
  2. Prithvi and Sumedh must (be + to dress) _______ themselves up by 11 o’clock.
  • The dancers ought to (be + to practice) _______ their dance till 11:30 a.m.
  1. The singers should (be + to memorise) _______ their song till that time.
  2. The actors must (be + taking) _______ their places backstage by 12 o’clock.
  3. The parents will (be + coming) _______ to school by 12 o’clock.

 

 

STORY

 

Arjun met Prem today at the mall. They had last met 3 years ago in school. Arjun is studying law, while Prem is a student of medicine. Both of them stay in Delhi. They were best friends since they were 5 years old. They would play together all day. Hide and Seek was their favourite game. Prem likes playing tennis now. Arjun invited Prem for lunch. They will have lunch together day after tomorrow at Arjun’s place. His mother will be very happy to meet Prem after so many years. They will then watch a movie and play for sometime in the park. They will then have an ice cream before going home. The two friends are extremely excited.

 

  1. When was the last time Arjun and Prem had met?
  2. 2 weeks ago
  3. 3 years ago
  • 7 months ago
  1. 3 days ago

 

  1. Where do both of them stay?
  2. In Pune
  3. In Mumbai
  • In Delhi
  1. In Lucknow

 

  1. What did they do when they were children?
  2. Play together
  3. Go to school together
  • Watch movies together
  1. Sing together

 

  1. When will Prem go to Arjun’s place for lunch?
  2. Tomorrow
  3. Yesterday
  • Today
  1. Day after tomorrow

 

  1. Who will be happy to see Prem after so many years?
  2. Their teacher
  3. Their friends
  • Arjun’s mother
  1. Prem’s father

 

  1. What will they do after lunch?
  2. Watch television
  3. Watch a movie and play in the park
  • Go back to school
  1. Go cycling together

 

  1. When will Arjun and Prem have ice cream?
  2. After lunch
  3. During lunch
  • After dinner
  1. Before going home

 

 

 

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(7) comments

PragyaGarg September 27, 2015

I must say as this is the last SS all the effort can be seen here, the best strategy is to introduce interrogatives really effective. I must say we are moving towards perfection.

Reply
Priyaanka September 22, 2015

Again I emphasize on a comparison table for the tenses

Reply
AryaLovely September 17, 2015

This module is quite comprehensive and is testing almost all concepts that have been discussed till now. Drilling and elicitation are a must during the process of the teaching of this module. Content is good and sober. It might be sufficient too if taught in the correct and interesting way.

Reply
nehasuresh August 13, 2015

The exercise content is good. All tense forms should be revised. Emphasis should be laid on modal and quasi modal verbs. A lot of grammar topics will have to be at least introduced here.

Reply
Shreya.bhatnagar26 August 12, 2015

I can aptly tag the strategy with the adjective ‘productive’, as it not only aims at delivering the knowledge of sentence structuring, but also includes implementation of the same in a worthy manner. However, I’d like to recommend a virtual interaction between the students can help them grow their potential in a better way.

Reply
swati August 7, 2015

Introduction to interrogatives is an effective strategy. I must say it’s getting better as level of SS goes up.
Just included some creative sort of questions in the exercises part to make the portion interesting for children.

Reply
raaghav August 7, 2015

Because this is meant to test all the tenses, more focus on the reading comprehension passages needs to be adopted. These paragraphs would combine all tenses and would be a good test for kids to unravel. At the moment, this level has a very small emphasis on reading comprehension.

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