Sentence Structure – 13

Welcome!
This is the thirteenth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS-12. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the <Level selector tests>

How to use this SS-

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.

About this SS-

New things to teach

For + noun: here noun will mostly be subjects we have taught so far (him/her/raghav etc) and occasionally something else like office/work/school


 

Vocabulary

The Table



Subject List

 

 Will    Adjective Prepositional phrase

 

(Optional) temporal phrase

 

I

My sister

Their brother

Her friend

Will + be

Would

Should

Must

 Might        + be

Shall

Ought to

may

can

earlyLateHappy

Good

tired

difficult

For himFor officeFor work*

For school

For the class

For the bus

 

With her/him

 

Today

Tomorrow

A week later

 

Note:  work is acting as a noun here.

Sample Sentences:

I will be tired for work.(Skipped column 4 & 5)
My sister will not be late for office.(Skipped columnn 5)
Their brother won’t be late for the bus today.

[usage of word- difficult cannot be done here]


Common sentences

  • If I leave home at 8 AM, I will be early for school.
  • If my father leaves home at 11 AM, he will be late for work.
  • Tomorrow is a working day. But we have a festival at home. So my sister will be late for office tomorrow. She will be at work at 11 o clock tomorrow.
  • Also teach the present and past tense of for sentences. I was later for exam yesterday. I am late for work today.
  • Teach (subject + think) + this SS. e.g. I think the maths exam will be difficult for her. She thinks I will be angry with her because of her bad marks in English exams.
  • I will be on the playground at 3 ‘o clock tomorrow for the cricket match.

Interrogative table:

 Will   Subject List  Adjective  (Optional)
Indirect Object
 (Optional) Temporal phrase 
Will IMy sisterTheir brother

 

Her friend

 

 

be earlyLateHappyGoodtired

difficult

For himFor officeFor officeFor schoolFor the classFor the bus

 

With her/him

 

TodayTomorrowA week laterThis evening

Sample Questions:

Will I be late for office today?
Will my sister be happy with him? (Skipped the last column)

Question answers

  • Will you be early for school this evening?
  • Yes, I will early for school this evening.
  • Today you and your friend Madhav had an exam, Will your friend Madhav be tired today?
    • Yes, he will be tired.
    • No, He won’t be tired.
  • Do you think the exam will be difficult for him today?
    • No, I don’t think it will be difficult for him
    • Yes, I think the exam will be very difficult for him.

Exercises

VOCABULARY

NOTE-  Basic words covered in previous sentence structures have NOT been repeated.

 

Exercise 1-

NOUN-

Holiday, hours

VERB-

Resting, working

ADVERB-

Tired, happy, relaxed

PHRASE-

At the moment

 

Exercise 2-

NOUN-

Umbrella, birthday

VERB-

Feel, drink, sleep, rain

ADVERB-

Ready, well, better

PHRASE-

I’m sorry

 

 

Exercise 3-

NOUN-

Exam, children, class

VERB-

Leave

ADVERB-

Tired, early, difficult, late, good

Exercise 4-

NOUN-

School, water bottle, friend, sister, sky

VERB-

Forgot, playing, came (first)

ADVERB-

Hungry, thirsty, cloudy, happy

Exercise 5-

NOUN-

Karate class, lunch, dinner, TV, tiffin, teacher, working day, festival, home, lunchtime, schedule

VERB-

Wake up, starts, eat, go(es), see, sleep, come(home), make(tiffin), take, cook, leave, went, reach

ADVERB-

busy

PHRASE-

On time

 

Exercise 6-

NOUN-

News, brother

ADVERB-

easy

 

Exercise 7-

NOUN-

Tennis, club, film, hospital, yoga class, hotel, garden

VERB-

Play, visit, watch(a film), study, learn, walk, look

ADVERB-

sad

Exercise 8-

NOUN-

Gift, horror film, book

VERB-fight, get, work, lose

 

Exercise 9-

NOUN-

Promotion, result, school bus

VERB-

Missed

 

  1. Fill in the blanks with was, is or will be.

Yesterday she worked for 10 hours. She ____ tired.

Tomorrow she has a holiday. She ____ happy.

Last week she worked for only 5 hours every day. She ____ happy.

Next week she _________  work for 10 hours every day. She ____ tired.

At the moment _______ relaxed. She is resting.

At the end of this month, she __________ very tired.

 

 

  1. Fill in the blanks with will or won’t.
  2. Don’t drink coffee before you go to bed. You ____ sleep.
  3. ‘Are you ready yet?’ ‘Not yet. I ______ be ready in five minutes.
  4. It _____ rain, so you don’t need to take an umbrella.
  5. A: I don’t feel very well this evening.

B: Sleep early and you ____ feel better in the morning.

  1. It’s Anuj’s birthday next Saturday. He ___ be 25.
  2. I’m sorry but I ____ be late tomorrow morning.

3.Write sentence beginning with ‘I think’ or ‘I don’t think’-

Example

  • Sara will be tired tomorrow. I think Sara will be tired tomorrow.
  • Sara will not be tired tomorrow. I don’t think Sara will be tired tomorrow.

 

  1. Anushka will be early for class on Monday.
  2. Anushka will not be early for class on Monday.
  3. The maths exam will be difficult for Vivaan.
  4. The maths exam will not be difficult for Vivaan
  5. If I leave at 8 0’ clock, I will be late for the exam.
  6. If I leave at 8 0’ clock, I will not be late for the exam.
  7. The children will be good for class next week.
  8. The children will not be good for class next week.

 

 

 

  1. Answer the following questions in full sentences.

 

  1. Will you be early for school tomorrow morning?
  2. Today you and your friend have an exam. Will you be tired after the exam? Will your friend be tired after the exam?
  3. Do you think the exam will be difficult for him today?
  4. You have not had dinner tonight. Will you be very hungry tomorrow morning?
  5. Your sister forgot her water bottle today. Do you think she will be very thirsty right now?
  6. Your brother came first in class. Do you think he will be happy?
  7. The sky is cloudy. Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
  8. The children are playing in the park. Do you think they will be tired and hungry at night?

5.

Hi! I am Ananya.This is the schedule of my family. Read it and complete the sentences given below.

I wake up at 7 AM. My school starts at 8.30 AM. I eat lunch at 12 PM. I go for karate class at 5PM. I eat dinner with my family at 8 PM. I see TV at 9 PM. I sleep at 10.

My father wakes up at 7 AM. He goes to work at 9AM. He eats lunch at 1 PM. He comes home at 7PM. He too eats dinner at 8. He sees TV at 10PM and sleeps at 11.

My mother wakes up at 6 AM. She makes tiffin for everyone. She is a teacher and she goes to school at 9AM. She comes home at 4 PM. She takes me for karate class at 5. She cooks dinner at 6 and eats at 8. She watches TV at 8.30 and sleeps at 10.

Fill in the blanks. Use ‘will be + appropriate adverb’ from the list given below.

Early, late, difficult, hungry, tired

 

  1. If I leave for school at 8.30, I will be late.
  2. If my father goes to work at 8AM tomorrow, he __________.
  3. Tomorrrow is a working day but we have a festival at home. My mother will be at work at 11 AM. She __________.
  4. If I sleep at 11PM tonight and wake up at 6 AM tomorrow, I _________________—.
  5. My mother is busy today. She is not making tiffin. I _________ at lunchtime.
  6. It is 8PM now. My father went to work at 8AM today morning. He is still at work. He _________ tonight.
  7. My father forgot to take his tiffin. He _______ at lunchtime.
  8. I woke up at 8 AM today. It ___________ to reach school on time.

 

Tomorrow Tanu Late For work
On Friday Alia Tired After football class
Today The exam easy For the class
In the evening Pragya Early For work
On Saturday The exam Difficult For the class
A week later Amruta’s brother Ready For the exam
Tomorrow The news Good For Priya’s family
On Thursday Tanu Early For work
  1. Form complete sentences using the information given in the table. Use ‘will be’. One example has been done for you.

Tomorrow Tanu will be late for work.

 

  1. Answer the following questions. For sentences that are answered with a ‘no’, write the correct answer as well.
  1. Who will be early for work in the evening?
  2. Say yes or no: Tanu will be early for work in the evening.
  3. Will the exam be easy for the class on Saturday?
  4. Who will be ready for the exam one week later?
  5. On Friday will Alia be late for work after football class?
  6. Will the news be good for Priya’s family tomorrow?

 

  1.  Fill in the blanks with will be/won’t be
  1. The news _______ bad for Priya’s family tomorrow.
  2. On Thursday Tanu ______ be early for work.
  3. In the evening Pragya _______ late for work.
  4. The exam _______ easy for the class tomorrow.
  5. Amruta’s brother _____ ready for the exam on Saturday.
  6. On Friday Alia _____ tired after the football class.

 

 

 

 

7.Study the table below. Then fill in the blanks.

 

Thursday Friday Saturday
Roshni Play tennis at the club with Dia Visit Anushka in the hospital at 8AM Watch a film at Rahul Talkies at 6PM
Abhi Has Yoga class with Tanu at 6AM Study with Alia at home Eat lunch with Raashi at Hotel Vaishali.
Dhruv Learn swimming with Nidhi Walk in the garden at 5PM Cook dinner at home at 8PM
  1. Roshni _____________ (tired/difficult) after playing tennis at the club with Dia.
  2. Abhi _______________ (early/tired) if he leaves for Yoga class at 6AM.
  3. Roshni _____________ (happy/ early)after watching a film on Saturday.
  4. Abhi studies with Alia on Friday, so the exam on Saturday _____________(easy/sad) for him.
  5. Dinner _______________(early/late) if Dhruv cooks at 7PM on Saturday.
  6. Abhi ____________(hungry/tired) if he does not go for lunch at Hotel Vaishali on Saturday.

 

  1. This is Pragya. Write (in full sentences) how she will feel in the following situations. The pictures should give you a clue about the appropriate adjectives to use.

 

ss9-9

When her sister fights with her.

 

 

 

ss9-10

If her friend gets her a gift.

 

 

ss9-11

If she sees a horror film

 

 

ss9-12

If she works for 8 hours today

 

 

ss9-13

If her friend loses her book.

 

 

  1. Match the following and then write complete sentences. Use ‘will be’. Also, use ‘because’ as the conjunction. The first one has been done as an example for you.
Feeling Reason
1.       Tired in school He got a promotion
2.       Very hungry at lunchtime Did not sleep well last night
3.       Late for school It is very difficult.
4.       Happy after school Did not eat breakfast
5.       Sad after the exam Missed the school bus
6.       Happy for him Got a good result
  1. Tanu will be tired in school because she did not sleep well last night.
  2. Abhi
  3. Disha
  4. Amish
  5. Riddhi
  6. I

 

Answer Key-

1.

Was

Will be

Was

Will, will be

Is

Will be

 

 

2.

  1. Won’t
  2. Will
  3. Won’t
  4. Will
  5. Will
  6. Will

 

3.

  1. I think Anushka will be early for class on Monday.
  2. I don’t think Anushka will be early for class on Monday.
  3. I think the maths exam will be difficult for Vivaan.
  4. I don’t think the maths exam will be difficult for Vivaan
  5. I think if I leave at 8 0’ clock, I will be late for the exam.
  6. I don’t think if I leave at 8 0’ clock, I will be late for the exam.
  7. I think the children will be good for class next week.
  8. I don’t think the children will be good for class next week.

 

5.

  1. Will be late
  2. Will be early
  3. Will be late
  4. Will be tired
  5. Will be hungry
  6. Will be tired
  7. Will be hungry
  8. Will be difficult

 

6.

A.

Tomorrow Tanu will be late for work.

On Friday Alia will be tired after football class.

Today the exam will be easy for the class.

In the evening Pragya will be early for work.

On Saturday the exam will be difficult for the class.

A week later Amruuta’s brother will be ready for the exam

Tomorrow the news will be good for Priya’s family.

On Thursday Tanu will be early for work.

 

 

 

B.

  1. Pragya will be early for work in the evening.
  2. No- Pragya will be early for work in the evening.
  3. No- The exam will be difficult for the class on Saturday.
  4. Amruta’s brother will be erady for the exam one week later.
  5. Number On Friday Alia will be tired after football class.
  6. Yes

 

C.

  1. Won’t be
  2. Will be
  3. Won’t be
  4. Won’t be
  5. Will be
  6. Will be

 

 

7.

  1. Tired
  2. Late
  3. Happy
  4. Easy
  5. Early
  6. Hungry

 

8.

Pragya will be sad when her sister fights with her.

Pragya will be happy if her friend gets her a gift.

Pragya will be scared if she watches a horror film.

Pragya will be tired if she works for 8 hours today.

Pragya will be angry if her friend loses her book.

 

9.

  1. Tanu will be tired in school because she did not sleep well last night.
  2. Abhi will be very hungry at lunchtime because he did not eat breakfast.
  3. Disha will be late for school because she missed the school bus.
  4. Amish will be happy after school because he got a good result.
  5. Riddhi will be sad after the exam because it is very difficult.
  6. I will be happy for him because he got a promotion.

 

Activities

These are some of the suggested activities designed for SS 12 and 13.

WHEN WILL YOU BE THERE?

Give each student a list of places such as the one given below. Place students in pairs. Each student must then ask his partner when he will be at the places given in the list. Each student must note down his partner’s answers. Once the interaction part is done, the students must form complete sentences in the simple past using the information they have gathered.

PLACE LIST

in  the park, at school, at your friend’s house, in a restaurant, in the bus, in your hometown, at Char Minar, at the cinema, at English class, at home, in bed, at the railway station, in an hospital, at the market, at the bakery, at the seaside, at a party, in the kitchen.

 

 

 

MIME-

Part 1-

WHEN WILL YOU FEEL….

Put students in pairs and give them the following lists.

Happy, sad, tired, hungry, thirsty, relaxed, scared, angry, sorry, surprised

Each student is supposed to ask his partner ‘ when will you be + appropriate adverb(sad, angry…)?

He must note down his partner’s answers. Once both partners have gathered their answers, they must form complete sentences which they must read before the class. Explain that as far as possible, both partners should avoid giving each other the same answers.

 

HOW WILL YOU FEEL WHEN- Give each student the following list and ask them to write out answers in full sentences using the verb ‘Will be’

Your mother shouts at you

Your teacher praises you

Your friend fights with you

You have to work the whole day

You have a fever and cold

Your friend gets you a gift

Your parents get you a new cycle without telling you

When you are late for class

After exercising a lot

You meet your teacher at the cinema

When you friend loses your book.

When you smell delicious food.

When you walk for one full hour.

When you have not finished your homework

You sleep very late and wake up very early the next day.

When your grandfather dies.

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2- This activity does NOT make use of the temporal preposition section given in the sentence structure.

The students answers for Part1 should somewhat match the list given below. You can use this list to tally answers. Once that is done,

Write the items of the list below on different slips of paper. Students are supposed to pick a slip and enact both, the emotion and the reason. A point will be awarded only after the class guesses the entire sentence, that too in a grammatically correct manner.

 

Sad-Your mother shouts at you

Happy-Your teacher praises you

Sad-Your friend fights with you

Tired-You have to work the whole day

Ill-You have a fever and cold

Happy-Your friend gets you a gift

Surprised-Your parents get you a new cycle without telling you

Afraid-When you are late for class

Tired/Hungry- After exercising a lot

Surprised-You meet your teacher at the cinema

Angry-When you friend loses your book.

Hungry-When you smell delicious food.

Tired-When you walk for one full hour.

Afraid-When you have not finished your homework

Tired-You sleep very late and wake up very early the next day.

Sad-When your grandfather dies.

 

Example- The class must answer ‘you will be sad when/if your grandfather dies.

Leave a Comment:

(6) comments

PragyaGarg September 27, 2015

I will say as we are moving ahead and approaching towards the last SS . we should do things differently like more exercises should be introduce, simple charts to clear the concepts of tenses because tenses are the only things that make lot of chaos. Much more Example to make the future tense simple and clear.

Reply
Priyaanka September 22, 2015

A complete chart having all the tenses with the comparision using a simple sentence must be added here for better clarity

Reply
AryaLovely September 17, 2015

The idea of linking a concept with emotions and real life examples seems quite appealing to me . The modules are interconnected and so will enable the students to understand the whole concepts and not just the gist.

Reply
nehasuresh August 13, 2015

A lot of example sentences need to be introduced. The future tense often beguiles a lot of people. We should ensure that the base built should be very strong. The three conditions of the future tense should be introduced with as many examples as possible.

Reply
swati August 7, 2015

In the table, the words mentioned under “will” column are very important. Their correct usage is essential to express your intentions and possibilities.

Reply
raaghav August 7, 2015

Some of the sentences have too many full-stops. For instance:
“Tomorrow is a working day. But we have a festival at home. So my sister will be late for office tomorrow. She will be at work at 11 o clock tomorrow”. Could be replaced with something like: “Even though it is a working day tomorrow, we have a festival at home and so my sister will be late to office”. I understand that the emphasis has to be on the aforementioned nouns, but even then, the kids should not inculcate a habit of so many short sentences in one paragraph.

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