Sentence Structure – 14

Welcome!
This is the fourteenth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS-13. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the <Level selector tests>

How to use this SS-

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.

About this SS-

New things to teach

  • # going to or will : explain that going to is sued when we have already decided to do aomething
  • For + noun (eg. For office , for work etc) + for + subject (e.g. for her , for my sister etc). To + subject (to you) and with + subject (with you).
  • adjective + noun (here adjective is the known personal qualities of the profession (e.g. brave soldier, honest politician etc.)) : for some of the objects like(teacher, soldier etc) not all (like cricket). Also teach more such compound objects like favourite song, latest movie song, tasty ice-cream etc…

Vocabulary

 

The Table

 

Subject + will Verb Object(optional) For/to/with+noun
(optional)
Spatial and  or temporal phrase(also mixed)
| The dogs |
You |
I |
Raghav |
Madhav |
Radha |
My sister |
It |
| Will |
| is /am/are
Going  to
|
| Would |
 Should |
Must |
Might | 
Shall | 
Ought to | 
can |
 | Go |
Sleep | Rain |
Like |  Turn  on |  Turn off |  Play |
Eat |
Become |
Pass |
Carry | Call |
Phone |
Sit | Wear |
Meet |
sing |
listen |
give |
finish |  dance |
that leftover food |
lot of sweets |
the piano || a famous* film star/a great leader / a successful entrepreneur || the exam | my  school friend Sanjay |
me | Her present |
her new dress |
some** books |
a red t-shirt |
kho-kho |
cricket |
my work |
the bag |
| For your exams |
For you |
For a walk |
For a break |
For summer holidays |
For lunch/dinner/breakfast| To + place || To you/ my sister | To my favourite songs |  With her |
With my best friend |
In the class |
at his birthday party |
In the garden |
On the floor | here |  Early tonight |
Early | later
Today | This year | now | This afternoon | For*** the next 2 hours | in the playground at 6PM |at his home tonight | In the school tomorrow | In the bus after 10 mins |

Note:
*adjective + noun (here adjective is the known personal qualities of the profession (e.g. brave soldier, honest politician etc.))

** Teach quantitative adjectives like some, few, more, less etc.

*** special emphasis must be given to time durations while teaching the last column. for + time interval (e.g. for 10 mins, for a day/a week etc.)

Sample Sentences:

The dogs will eat that leftover food. I will eat a lot of sweets at his birthday party (skipped column 4). Raghav will sleep early tonight.(Skipped column 5 & 4)
My sister is going to become a famous film star.(Skipped column 4 & 5). I am going to play the piano later today. I am going to become a successful entrepreneur this year.

I will pass the exam tomorrow. I will carry the bag for you. I shall listen to my favourite songs tonight. I shall buy a present for her.

It might rain tonight. I might wear a red t-shirt for the party at her home tonight. She might play kho-kho for the next 2 hours.

 

He will go to gym for the next 2 days. I should go to my friends house tomorrow. I would not go to school for the next week.

I must meet my school friend Sanjay at his home tonight. I must give the books to her before 5 pm today. I must finish my work before 4pm.

We should play cricket in the playground at 6PM tonight. Radha should call/phone me for a walk at 5 pm today. She should like her new dress.

Madhav  would play cricket with you today at 5 pm. I would dance to a my favourite songs in the school tomorrow. I would listen to my favourite songs in the bus after 10 mins.

You ought to study for your exams now. I ought to sleep at 9 pm tonight.

He can swim. She can play Cricket. I can become a a successful entrepreneur.

 

 

 

Interrogative tables

[this table only includes verbs that take a direct object]

 

 Question           interrogative                               phrase  Verb  For/to/with+noun(optional)  Spatial and  or temporal phrase(also mixed)
| What | who | Will/shall/would/should/can            +subject list

 

is/are  +  Subject list   +

going to/

not going to

 

 

do |
Like |  Turn  on |  Turn off |  Play |
Eat |
Become |
Pass |
Carry | Call |
Phone |
Wear |
Meet |
sing |
give |
finish
| For your exams |
For you |
For a walk |
For a break |
For summer holidays |
For lunch/dinner/breakfast| To + place || To you/ my sister | To my favourite songs |  With her |
With my best friend |
In the class |
at his birthday party |
In the garden |
On the floor | here |  Early tonight |
Early | later
Today | This year | now | This afternoon | For the next 2 hours | in the playground at 6PM |at his home tonight | In the school tomorrow | In the bus after 10 mins |

 

Question

  • What do you usually do in the evening at home? (same as what do you usually do in the evenings when you are at home) What will you do in the evening at your home? OR what will you do in the evening? ( the spatial phrase is optional : temporal phrase singularly is more commonly used)
  • – I usually :
    • Play with my friend at home
    • Eat rice with my mother
    • Play cricket with Ravi

 

  •  Your friend is sad  because her mother died. What do you ought to do now? what should you do now? What must you do now? what will you do now? What can you do now? What are you going to do now?
  • I will :
    • Play with my friend
    • Eat rice with my mother
    • Play cricket with Ravi
    • I will not be at my home in the evening. I will be at my friend’s home. I will sing songs at his/her home. I will sing with him
    • Phone my friend in the evening.
    • Go for a walk with my friend in the park.
  •  What will you play in the garden?
  • I will play:
    • Cricket
    • Kho-Kho

 

  • What would you play now? What should your friend eat now? what must she bring for you tomorrow at school? What might she cook for dinner?
  • What will you eat for lunch at your home tonight?
  • I will eat:
    • Rice and sambhar for lunch at my home tonight
    • Biryani for lunch
    • But if I am at my grandmother’s home tonight then I will eat rice chapati and onion curry.
  • Radha, who will you meet tonight at your home?
  • I will meet:
    • My grandfather at my home
    • My sister at my home
    • My best friend Rakesh at my home
  • I will give these flowers to:
    • my sister
    • my friend Roja
    • my brother Rakesh
  question  Subject List + will  Verb  Optional object  Spatial and  or temporal phrase(also mixed)
For who / whom / what | To whom | With who/whom | Will/shall/would/should/can            +subject list

 

is/are  +  Subject list   +

going to/

not going to

 

 

 Play |
Eat |
Carry | sing |
listen |
give |  dance |
healthy food | cricket | My pencil | my favourite song | your pencil | the heavy bag | In the class |
at his birthday party |
In the garden |
in the classroom | here |  tomorrow at 5pm |
Early tomight| later
Today | This year | now |

 

  • to whom will you give your pencil in the classroom?/who will you give your pencil to?
  • I will give my pencil to:
    • only Rakesh
    • only my best friend Anil
    • my teacher
    • anybody who wants it
  • for whom will you sing your favourite song at the birthday party tomorrow? for whom should you eat healthy food this year? for whom can you carry the heavy bag?
  • I will sing my favourite song :
    • For my brother
    • For my girlfriend
    • For my mother
  • I will eat healthy food:
    • For my mother
    • For my teacher
    • for my friends
  • I will carry the heavy bag:
    •  for my sister Radhika
    • for favourite actor
    • for my best friend
  • With whom do you usually play in the evenings?
  • I usually play with:
    • My friend rita
    • My brother Rakesh
    • My school friends/my classmates
  when  Subject List + will  verb  Object(Optional) For/to/with+noun(optional)  Spatialor Temporal phrase
      when / where Will/shall/would/should/can            +subject list

 

is/are  +  Subject list   +

going to/

not going to

| Go |
Sleep | Rain |
Like |  Turn  on |  Turn off |  Play |
Eat |
Become |
Pass |
Carry | Call |
Phone |
Sit | Wear |
Meet |
sing |
listen |
give |
finish |  dance |
that leftover food |
lot of sweets |
the piano || a famous film star/a great leader / a successful entrepreneur || the exam | my  school friend Sanjay |
me | Her present |
her new dress |
the books |
a red t-shirt |
kho-kho |
cricket |
my work |
the bag |
| For your exams |
For you |
For a walk |
For a break |
For summer holidays |
For lunch/dinner/breakfast| To + place || To you/ my sister | To my favourite songs |  With her |
With my best friend |
In the class |
at his birthday party |
In the garden |
On the floor | here |  tomorrow at 5pm |
Early tomight| later
Today | today at 5 pm | tomorrow at 6pm | tomorrow afternoon |

when will you  play cricket? where should you play cricket?

  • I will play cricket:
    • today at 5 pm
    • tomorrow at 6pm
    • tomorrow afternoon
  • I should play cricket:
    • at the playground
    • inside my house
    • in the streets
  • But I play cricket :
    • at the playground
    • inside my house
    • in the streets

 

 

 


 

Exercises

VOCABULARY

TYPE WORDS
AUXILIARY VERBS MUST, SHOULD, WOULD, WILL, CAN
VERBS TO PLAY, TO LIVE, TO HAVE, TO TRAVEL, TO WORK, TO PAY, TO HEAT, TO SPREAD, TO CLEAN, TO SERVE
INTERROGATIVE WORDS WHEN, WHO, WHY, WHERE, WHAT, HOW
OTHER WORDS PILOT, ANIMALS, THE POOR, POSTMAN, CUCUMBERS, TOATOES, KETCHUP, KITCHEN, MATS

 

 

Q1. Rishi meets a fortune teller in a fair. She tells him little facts about his future. Complete the following sentences for her.

  1. You (become) ________ a pilot in 5 years.
  2. You (play) _________ cricket for India for a very long time.
  3. Your parents (live) ________ with you in a big house.
  4. The house (have) ________a garden for your children to play in.
  5. You (work) _________ for a large company in Bangalore.
  6. The company (pay) ________ you well for your hard work.
  7. You (travel) _________ the world with your friends and family for 2 months.
  8. You (learn) _________ how to play the Tabla.
  9. Your friends (enjoy) ________ listening to your music.
  10. Your family (be) ________ very proud of you.

Q2. You decide to make sandwiches with your friends. Complete the following sentences to assign work to each one using the words in the brackets. :

(must, will, would, could, can, should)

  1. We (meet) _______ at my house in an hour.
  2. Arjun (bring) _______ the bread with Ria.
  3. Aishwarya (buy) _______tomatoes and cucumbers for the filling.
  4. Shantanu (heat) _______the bread in the toaster.
  5. Neeraja (spread) _______ ketchup on the bread slices.
  6. Aniket (cut) _______the tomatoes and cucumbers on the table.
  7. Akhil (place) _______the tomato and cucumber slices on the bread.
  8. Sanica (lay) _______ the mats with Yash.
  9. Ishita and Chinmay (serve) _______ the sandwiches on plates.
  10. All of us (clean) _______ the kitchen in the end.

 

Q3. Rohit is going for a school picnic to the park. He and his friends are asking questions about the picnic to their teacher. Complete their questions using the words in the brackets and the given helping words. :

(must, will, should, could, can, is, are)

 

#incorrect – please correct this one. Also no self exercises exist for this SS.

  1. When we (leave) ______ for the picnic?
  2. Where are we going for the picnic?
  3. How will we go to the park?
  4. What should we carry with us for the picnic?
  5. Who is coming with us to the park?
  6. What could we play in the morning?
  7. When will we have lunch?
  8. Where will we rest in the evening?
  9. Which games can we play in the bus?
  10. What time will we come home?

 

Q4. Given below are sentences telling us about different people. Change the sentences into questions for the underlined part. :

(why, when, with whom, to whom)

  1. My mother will cook for us on Sunday.
  2. The postman will deliver our letter next week.
  3. Anjali is going to watch a movie in the evening with Rashi.
  4. I should send a gift to my friend for her birthday.
  5. My sister is moving to Mumbai for her job.

 

STORY

Aditi wants to become the ruler of a country when she grows up. She will treat all the citizens of the country equally. The people must follow her rules. She would help the poor people by building houses for them in the cities. She would give long holidays to the students for 10 days every month. The students will play all day during the holidays. She would punish those who are cruel to animals.  The people will love Aditi. They could go to her with any problem and she would solve it. Aditi will rule the country for a hundred years.

  1. What does Aditi want to become when she grows up?
  2. a postman
  3. the ruler of a country
  4. the principal of a school
  5. a builder

 

  1. For whom will Aditi build houses?
  2. the poor
  3. the students
  4. the animals
  5. the criminals

 

  1. For how long will the holidays for the students last?
  2. Five days
  3. Three weeks
  4. Twelve hours
  5. Ten days

 

  1. Why will Aditi punish the people?
  2. For going late to school
  3. For being cruel to animals
  4. For not having a house
  5. For playing all day

 

Leave a Comment:

(5) comments

PragyaGarg September 27, 2015

As this is the second last SS it is full of knowledge a complete package to learn and make your English better. what I adore the most is unseen passage is added that is new.

Reply
Priyaanka September 22, 2015

unseen passage is a good idea where student can check what has been taught.

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AryaLovely September 17, 2015

Since this is the second last SS level which is to be presented to the students , It is therefore full of knowledge and value . The tabular representation of temporal phrases along with optionals like for/to gives a clear picture to the teachers and students about, what is to be taught, and how is to be taught.

Reply
nehasuresh August 13, 2015

In addition to what is given in the SS ; we can make students narrate a story in their native language and translate it to English. The students should feel comfortable using different sentence patterns and words.

Reply
raaghav August 7, 2015

Not enough emphasis has been laid on the differences/similarities of using words like would/will/shall. I.e.” I would like to play Soccer”. “I will be going to Mumbai”. “I shall inform him that I will be late”..

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