Sentence structure 1


This is the first lesson plan of Level 1. We call each of our lesson plans as 'Sentence Structure' and you are currently reading Sentence Structure 1 or SS 1. To understand this SS the student is expected to have a working knowledge of Level '0'. You can confirm their knowledge by taking then through the Level Selector Test. It is suggested that the teacher starts teaching his/her student(s) from Level 0 (which is our most elementary lesson plan) itself and then moves ahead with the lesson plans chronologically. If the student(s) seems to be comfortable with a lesson plan than it can be taught at a faster pace but it must not be skipped altogether in most cases.

How should I teach the content in this lesson plan to my student(s)?

Before going to the class read this lesson plan from top to bottom. After this, jump straight to the table section and sketch all the given tables in your notebook by choosing a few words from each cell. No need to select all the words given in the table; just choose the ones that you think are necessary.
Now go to the Vocabulary section and jot down all the words from the vocabulary section in the notebook. Student(s) must be taught as many new words as he/she can digest in each class so jotting down all the words in the Vocab section is crucial. Next go to the exercises and activities/stories section and jot down a few exercise/activities/stories in the notebook. Now you are ready to teach.

Remember that instead of jotting down everything by hand you can also copy-paste the relevant content from the lesson plan to a word document and take a printout of that document to the class.

Now setup the class and after setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining the meaning of each word (as far as possible) to the student(s) in his/her native language. Some words in English may have no translation in other languages e.g. is, am, are etc. Skip these words. Ask the student(s) to note down all the words (that you teach) with their meanings in his/her notebook. These words from the vocabulary section will be used in creating the table which should be taught next.

Recreate the table(s) (as jotted in the notebook) on the black board or the student(s)'s notebook. After this, create some sentences using match the following technique i.e. by choosing one word/phrase from 1st column, and then choosing an appropriate word/phrase from second column followed by choosing the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word and so on; and then joining these words/phrases together to form a complete sentence.
Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences, made using the table words, are given below the table for quick reference.
Remember that during the class itself, words in the table can be customized i.e. new words can be added and/or old ones can be removed; all based on your judgement (keeping in mind the student(s)'s background).

After teaching the tables, once you realize that the student(s) has some clarity about the tables, then you can begin with the individual exercises (that you jotted down). The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the order given in the lesson plan (SS). After the exercises move on to the stories/activities section. This section is created to enable the student(s) to start using all the sentences taught in the SS in his/her routine conversations. If the student(s) is able to complete the exercises and activities satisfactorily this means that he/she has understood the SS and you can move on to the next SS.

New things to teach

  1. What is the difference between These, Those and They? These, Those and They are plural forms of This, That, It. Understanding the difference between these three pronouns may be difficult for the students because their meaning is very similar.
    This ->These: These is used to refer to people and objects that are near the speaker. These men are my co-workers.These kids saw the accident.
    That -> Those: Those is used to refer to people and objects that are away from the speaker. Those men are my co-workers.Those kids saw the accident.
    It -> They: They is used to refer to people and objects in general, regardless of where they are.They are my co-workers.They saw the accident.

NOTE : Students must be taught the pronunciation of these words along with their meaning. These words may be taught as part of a dictation.

Words used in the table -




​Profession and Nativity (Noun)




 I, you, he, she, it, we, they, this, that, these, those

​ am, is, are

​ male, female, boy, girl

​ student/s, teacher/s, worker/s, friends, Names (like Raghav and Anjali), indian ,  hyderabadi citizen . . .

​ good, bad, happy, sad, angry, intelligent, cool . . .

​ From (Hyderabad/ Bangalore), 10 years old, in class 5th

​ books, pencils, pens, chalks, shirts, eyes, ears, lips







(name of a person)

Raghav | Anjali

A boy | A girl | a male | a female

an Indian | a Hyderabadi citizen

a student| a teacher| a worker

(current feelings and qualities)

good | fine | bad | happy | sad |angry | tired | sleepy | energetic | athletic | sporty
smart | intelligent | cool

(common phrases)
from Hyderabad | from Bangalore | 10 years old | in class 5

(name of objects)
a book | a pencil | a pen | a chalk | a shirt | an eye | an ear | a lip | an umbrella






Raghav | Anjali









boys | girls | males | Indians | Hyderabadi citizens

students |teachers | workers | friends

good |bad | happy | sad | angry

from Hyderabad | from Bangalore

10 years old | in class 5

books | pencils | pens | chalks | shirts

eyes | ears | lips

Using the Table


NOTE : The pictures shown in the exercises below are only for illustration. Teacher should use surrounding objects in the classroom in place of the picture. For e.g. Instead of the pic of Deepika Padukone (given Below), teacher can ask any student to be the model for the class and let other students describe him/her. In this way the student engagement in the class is greatly increased compared to the situation of showing static pics through a laptop/projector.

Exercise 1




Hot, tired, heavy

​ Bag, books, cricketers, taxi driver, nurse

​Use is, am or are to complete the sentence.

  • It …… hot.
  • I ……tired.
  • This …. heavy. (Point to a nearby heavy object)
  • Those ……heavy. (Point to some nearby heavy objects)
  • Raman and Shyam ……. cricketers.
  • I …..a taxi driver. She….a nurse.

Exercise 2




Tall, hungry


​Write full sentences using is/are.

Example: (He tall) He is tall.​

  • (Raman a teacher)………………………
  • (Tanu 6 years old)………………………
  • (You from Hyderabad)…………………...............
  • (They hungry)……….................

Exercise 3



afraid, angry, cold, hot, hungry, thirsty

​Write sentences for the pictures given below.

​Example: She is thirsty.

  • They……………….
  • He………………..
  • …………………
  • .………………..

Exercise 4


​Actress, student (because while Deepika is an actress, the children are students) pretty, happy. Name, age, job

​Look at Deepika’s sentences. Now write sentences about yourself.

  • Name- I am ………….
  • Age- I………………
  • From- I……………….
  • Job (student/teacher) – I………………..
  • Self-description (happy/sad/good/bad) – I…………………………..

Exercise 5




Tall, hungry


​Tip: Please explain concept o negotiation using 'not'

​Write true sentences, positive or negative for each of the below phrases. Use am/ am not/ is/ is not/ are/ are not.

Example: (He tall) He is tall. He is not tall.​

  • (Raman a teacher)……………………….
  • (Tanu 6 years old)…………………………..
  • (You from Hyderabad)…………………
  • (They hungry)………………..

Story 1

Vocabulary: Thin, dress, blue

Background to be explained in the children’s native language:

A little girl is lost in the park. A guard finds her and wants to help her find her mother. For this, the child has to describe herself so that an announcement can be made in the park. She must also describe her mother so the guards can look for her. (Please refer to this audio clip for more clarity)

The Descriptions:

The girl describes herself- I am Anu. I am 5 years old. I am from Somwar peth. I am lost.

The girl describes her mother- She is Minakshi. She is 30 years old. She is tall. She is thin. Her dress is blue. (this sentence uses the possessive word ‘her’ and does not belong to the current SS.)

Story 2

Vocabulary: Thin, dress, blue

(Please refer to audio clip for more clarity)

  • Children sit in pairs.
  • Each child introduces himself to his partner (1st person pronouns). For this, the teacher can write certain basic criteria on the board. For example, name, age, from, class, gender, etc. The children must cover these points in their introduction.
  • Each child must listen to his partner carefully and note down/ remember his basic details.
  • Once everyone is done introducing themselves to their partner, each child stands before the class and introduces his partner to the class. (2nd person pronouns)

Example :

  • Ram introduces himself to Shyam. (eg I am Ram. I am a boy. I am in the 2nd I am from Char Minar etc)
  • Shyam listens and notes down the basic points (Name- Ram, gender-boy, class-2nd, from- Char Minar etc).
  • Then Shyam introduces himself to Ram and Ram notes down the basic points.
  • Once they are done, they must stand before the class. Now SHyam will introduce Ram to the class and vice versa.
  • Eg- Shyam will say- He is Ram. He is a boy. He is in the 2nd He is from Char Minar etc

Story 3

Children can introduce their favourite cartoon character/ movie star/ TV actor/ sportsperson to the class.

Example: My favourite movie star is Rajnikant. He is a man. He is 50 years old. He is an actor. He is from Chennai. He is strong. (strong is not covered in the vocabulary list created for SS1. In case children want to use such words that are not in the list, they can ask the teacher in their native language and the teacher can help translate.)


If children don’t watch films/TV/sports/cartoons, give them newspaper cuttings of any random couple. They can use their imagination to come up with details like the person’s name, age, job, where he is from etc. They can then introduce this couple to the class.

The aim of this activity is to make the child use all three pronouns- he, she and they.

First they must introduce the man in the picture using the basic criteria like name, age, job, where he is from, etc. using the pronoun ‘he’.

Then they must do the same for the woman using the pronoun ‘she’.

Then they may frame a single sentence using ‘they’.

​(Please refer to audio clip for more clarity)

Examples :

He is Rahul. He is 23 years old. He is from Pune. He is an engineer. He is nice.

She is Neha. She is 22 years old. She is also from Pune. She is a teacher. She is good.

They are tired.

He is Bajirao. He is 35 years old. He is a farmer. He is from Hubli. He is thin.

She is Sita. She is 40 years old. She is a farmer. She is from Dharwar. She is pretty.

They are happy.

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