Sentence Structure 3

Welcome

​This is the third SS. To understand this SS the student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS 2. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the Level Selector Test.


How to use this SS?

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in different columns to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word and so on. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.Words in the table can be customized based on the students Background. After the main table the interrogative tables follows that shows what questions need to be asked so that the answers are the sentences taught in the main table. The interrogative tables are very important because without questioning the various aspects of the sentences created so far students tend to mug up the main table and its sentences. With well directed questions it becomes much easy for the student to grasp the table and use its sentences practically.

After this stage when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.


About this SS

Aim here is to introduce kids to adjectives ? Adjectives that are used to indicate present condition e.g. I am happy, she is taller than me, he is sad, he is the happiest girl in the class etc. Adjectives will include comparatives as well e.g. greater than / smaller than/ more then etc etc.

New things to teach


Teach the word “very” so that kids can understand the intensity of an adjective e.g. very happy , very big etc
• Exceptions : health , tea, sugar, water, air, rice, knowledge (uncountable nouns ) that must be used with singular verbs i.e. is.
• colours can be used as adjectives as well.
• Explain to the student when ‘s has to come (my friend’s teeth, my friend’s teeth’s shape(here ‘s comes twice) and my tooth’s size) : note in the table ‘s is not shown to uncomplicated things
• Part 3 is optional : So first teach student a sentence without part 3 then for some of the sentences show how part 3 can be added to them
• Teach the article “the”. e.g. This is an apple. the apple is sweet.

Part 2 is optional for some pronoun like : my friend is good. Here we have skipped Part 2 : we already have a complete subject “my friend” so we can skip the secondary subject.

Vocabulary

From the table:

Pronouns

(I), he, she, it, this, that, these, those, they

​Possessive Pronouns

​My, your, his, her, their, our, its

​Nouns

Body Parts- tooth, nose, ear, leg, hair, neck, face, eye, arm, shoulder

Others- home, bag, health, shirt, school

size, shape, colour, weight, height

Adjectives

white, black, cute, long, short, beautiful, ugly, happy, sad, small, big, good, bad, medium,large

Interrogative words​

how

Tables

  • TaBLE 1
  • table 2

Interrogative Tables-

  • Add yes/no to the answer (not shown in the table) : i.e. Are your teeth black? No, my teeth are not black. They are white. Remember the comma.
  • Column 3 is optional.

is

are

my


your


his


her


their

sister


father


mother


brother

classmates


neighbors


cousins’ ages


parents

‘s

tooth


nose


ear


leg


hair

white | black ?


cute ?


long | short ?


beautiful | ugly ?


happy | very happy | sad ?


small | big | very big ?


good | very bad ?

more than 6 years and less than 10 years ?

Using the Table

Exercises

NOTE: Words in the bracket are those that are not part of the table/ exercises but belong to the same word family.

Exercise 1

Adjectives

​(colours)red, black, brown (teacher may also teach some more colours like white, blue, yellow, green, purple, orange, pink), straight, curved

​Study the picture. Then read the paragraph and underline the correct option.

​Hi! I am Chotu. This is my dog Cherry. Cherry's colour is red/black. He is very big/small. His nose is black/brown. His tail is long/short. It is straight/curved. Cherry is happy/sad.

Exercise 2

​Write true sentences, positive or negative. Use is/is not/are/are not.

Adjectives

Nouns

chubby, weak

cheeks

My hair ….. long.

My teeth …… white.

My hair …….. straight.

My cheeks …… chubby.

My hair …….. brown.

My nose ………long.

My face ……. beautiful.

My eyes …….weak.

Exercise 3

Match the following sentences with their meanings.

Adjectives

old

Amruta's hair is short.

Kabir chacha is old.

I am happy.

Anjali's hair are long.

I am sad.

Exercise 4

Match the following to their opposite pictures.

Adjectives

Nouns

messy, light (opposite of heavy)

nails, room

Anu's nails are long.​

​The room is messy.

The bag is light.​

The room is tidy.​

​Fatima's nails are long.

​The bag is heavy.

Exercise 5

Read the poem below. Answer the following questions.

Adjectives

Nouns

Verbs

missing, gold, silver, square, round, silly

earring

said (not covered in this/ previous sentence structures)

The Missing Earring​

Mala found an earring. Whose earring is it?

Is it Aunt Jaya’s earring? No. Aunt Jaya’s earrings are silver. This earring is gold.

Is it Mummy’s earring? No. Mummy’s earrings are square. This earring is round.

Is it Aunt Leela’s earring? No. Aunt Leela’s earrings are large. This earring is small.

Whose earring is it??

“Silly,” said Tara. “It is your earring, Mala! “

1) The earring is

a) Aunt Jaya’s b) Mala’s c) Aunt Leela’s d) Mummy’s

2) Aunt Leela’s earrings are

a) Large b) Small c) Round d) Square

3) Is Mummy’s earring round?

a) Yes b) No

4) Is this earring small and gold?

a) Yes b) No

Exercise 6

Fill in the blanks using is/are. Then choose the correct option from the words in bold.

Nouns

buildings

1) Tanu’s nails ……… long/tall.

2) Raj ……. handsome/beautiful.

3) Vivaan ……. tall/long.

4) The buildings …….tall/high.

Exercise 7

Fill in the blanks using is/am/are. Then answer the question that follows.

Nouns

mustaches

Hi! I am Ananya. I ................ 6 years old. My family ............... small. My mother’s name …… Raashi. She ……short. Her hair …… long and straight. Her eyes ……. brown. My father’s name …… Rakesh. He ……thin. His moustache …… black. His hair …….. straight.

​Question: Based on the description given above, identify who is Ananya's father? Tick the correct picture

Exercise 8

Circle the correct picture for each sentence.

Nouns

Adjectives

Verbs

shoes, hat, lunch

fancy,dark, new

looks​

Exercises by Raymond Murphy

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