Sentence structure 4


This is the fourth SS. To understand this SS the student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS 3.You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the Level Selector Test.

How to use this SS?

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference. Words in the table can be customized based on the students Background. After the main table the interrogative tables follows that shows what questions need to be asked so that the answers are the sentences taught in the main table. The interrogative tables are very important because without questioning the various aspects of the sentences created so far students tend to mug up the main table and its sentences. With well directed questions it becomes much easy for the student to grasp the table and use its sentences practically.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.

About this SS

The aim of this SS is to teach the student about prepositions that depict place and time.

Teach these prepositions : at/ on/ in/ above/ below/ under/ inside/ near/ far/ outside / behind / in front of/with/without.
Teach these prepositions with my/her etc type objects as well ( first cover independent objects like g. below my bag, with my parents.

So in the last column we make a group with each preposition i.e. at the park | at my desk ; in the house | in my school etc.

  • Explain when to use ‘a’, ’an’ and ‘the’ : when we are using a indefinite : The is used in front of singular or plural nouns and adjectives to refer to something with which both the speaker/writer and listener/reader are familiar.
  • For example, if you’re bouncing a basketball at school, your friend might say, “Give me the” So make sentences like behind the tree, under the desk (explain that the speaker and listener both must be familiar with the “tree” or “desk” referred in the sentence. For a and an use with generic singular objects e.. my friend is in a car.
  • Create simple combined special preposition phrases using “,” and “and”e.g. my house is in Kondapur, near Keshav Reddy sweets and behind the peepal tree. This gives a more detailed picture of the place.

From the table :


(I), he, she, it, this, that, these, those, they

Possessive pronouns​

​My, your, his, her, their, our, its


​From previous sentence structures: pen,bag, home, mother, father, brother, school, class, age, size, colour, height, weight, cousin, classmate, neighbour, tooth

​Pencil box, family, hometown, floor


​is, are, am


​at, on, in above, below, inside, outside, with, without, behind, in front of, near, far, under


  • Table 1
  • Table 2
  • table 3



​(Objects surrounding the students)

a/an +  tree | pencil | plant | pen | eraser

trees | pencils | plants | pens | erasers | pots

(Prepositions indicating a place/position)​

behind the wall | inside my bag | beneath the sheets

 below the bag and above the mattress

 behind the tree | on the floor | on the table

in Kondapur | in hyderabad | in the temple

 in the playground

in the class, under the desk and behind the teacher

at the office | at the fair | at the bus stop | at my home


Using the Table


NOTE: Words in the bracket are those that are not part of the table/ exercises but belong to the same word family.

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks:




sit, study​

i) Use prepositions.

I study ….. Kondapur Public School. My class is ….. the ground floor. We sit …. the floor and study.

ii) Look around you and fill in true details.

I sit behind _______ . I sit in front of ________. __________ sits near the window.

Exercise 2

Fill in the blanks using in/at/on.


pillow, bed, house number, apples, bowl

1. The book is ____ the table.

2. Mumbai is a big city ___ India.

3. The pen is ____ her bag.

4. Our house number is 16. The number is ____ the door.

5. The apples are ____ the bowl.

6. Jay is ____ the garden.

7. I am ___ home.

8. There are two pillows ____ the bed.

Exercise 3

Look at the picture and fill in the blanks.


Objects you find in a room- clock, carpet, wall, vase, lamp, chair, armchair, table, cushion ; Other- ball, cat, flowers

1. The clock is ____ the wall.

2. The ball is ____ the table.

3. The cat is ____ the armchair.

4. The carpet is ____ the floor.

5. The lamp is ___ the table.

6. The table is___ the armchair.

7. The flowers are ____ the vase.

Exercise 4

Match the following:

Exercise 5

Where is the cat?Fill the words learnt in the last exercise.



1.It is on the computer.
2. It is …………………………..
3. It is……………………………
4. …………………………………
5. …………………………………..

Exercise 6

Study the map and answer the questions that follow:


Places you find in a city- hotel, bank, supermarket, bookstore, hospital,school, bus station, police station, city hall, library, post office, zoo, street, bakery, mall

1. The bus station is _____ the police station and the school.

2. The city hall is ______ the library.

3. The _____ is next to the bookstore.

4. The library is between ________ and __________.

Exercise 7

Fill in the blanks.


Animals-cat, dog, giraffe, elephant, fish, mouse, squirrel; Box

1. The _____ is in the box.

2. The _____ is above the box.

3. The _____ is next to the box.

4. The _____ is behind the box.

5. The _____ is on the box.

6. The _____ is below the box.

7. The _____ is in front of the box.

8. The _____ is near the box.

Exercise 8

Study the picture. Complete each of the sentence by choosing the best answer from the box below.



Example: 1. The Q is next to the W.

2. The W is _____ the Q and Z.

3. The O is _____ the W.

4. The E is _____ the W.

5. A cabinet is _____ the doctor.

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