Sentence structure 5

Welcome

​This is the fifth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge up to SS-4. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the Level Selector Test.


How to use this SS?

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.


Introducing Present Tense in this SS

General theme :
1. Explain the use of simple present tense : that it is used with things that we do in general or things that are true in general e.g. I like Ice cream / cricket.
2. In this SS we introduce action verbs like speak, do, live, play, eat, close, drink, love etc. Verbs must be picked from common day to day activities of the student like washing, playing cleaning etc.

All verbs must have a special or temporal association (so that all verbs in part 2 can be matched to part 4 phrases.
3. Subjects must include simple pronouns and also my/her/their + relation noun as introduced in SS:2 => with singular subjects of this nature we use verbs with “s” and infinitive form (like/eat/play) of the verb with plural
4. Part 4 of the SS must contain place/time prepositions

New things to teach


Temporal prepositions e.g. at 5 o clock, after 6 pm , in the noon must be covered in this SS.

NOTE : Don’t teach time intervals now : i.e. since/ago e.g. I am playing T.T. for last 10 mins : instead just teach simple time related sentences whose interrogative can be when? Not how long or since?

• My mother’s , her brother’s i.e. these my/her/their subjects with ‘s to create a complex phrase like my brother’s house / my friend’s – Already covered in SS 3

• Cover the word “to” with place noun: to school, to his house, to their garden. Already covered in SS 4. Note : do not use to with verbs like play / eat / sing etc now e.g. “to play OR to eat “. They will be taught later.

​TO DO : Cover temporal reference in phrase 2 i.e. at 5 pm ... etc (Murphy 96) : again use groups for different prepositions. These types of additional parts are necessary to gives a practical relevance and applicability to the SS being taught.  

TO DO : a separate SS (probably next) for usually /sometimes/always ( Murphy 5)
• Like, know, think : verbs with no specific temporal/spatial association will be covered in next SS


About this SS-

• What do you eat/study/drink (verb)? And when/where do you eat/study/drink (verb)? With whom you eat/study/drink (verb)? : ask these questions in sequential order so that the kids can understand the flow: e.g. what do you study? Then when do you study? Then where do you study?
• In the next SS i.e. in SS 6 we will combine some of these questions to create complex sentences e.g. when and where will you study English?

New things to teach


a. Explain to the kid that verbs in present tense can have 2 forms – with ‘s’ and without s. With singular subjects we use   verbs with “s” e.g. she cleans , my father thinks , Raghav goes and with plural subjects we use simple infinitive form  (like/eat/play) of the verb e.g. they go, my friends play etc.
b. Translation of these verbs into native language is essential

• Cover all the verbs related to the activities that a student usually does as part of his daily routine.
• Break it into separate parts based on what : where & when : with whom & with what => this will help in adding appropriate verbs in part 3 and make the student understand the context better

Vocabulary

​Verbs

Wash, wake up, watch, like, go, write, eat, tell, rise, buy- open, speak, do, live, play, eat, close, drink, love, ride, walk, run, wait, enjoy, give, do (homework), learn, study, sleep, get up, leave school (in the sense of go back home), go to bed, cook, work, drive, draw, brush teeth, read, sing

Tables

​Part A

  • table 1
  • table 2
  • table 3

​​NOTE: Explain to the kid when to use local area/when to use city and when to use country i.e. when a person who lives nearby asks than use local place / other state person use in Hyderabad and likewise.

Subject

Verb

Last Part

I

We

You

He

She​

They

It

My Father​

Our parents

My best friend Komal

​Your friends Anjali and Ramesh

Her sister Radhika

Their classmate

Raj

Riya​

play

learn

eat

study

like​

(What?)

Cricket | kho- kho | Football

English | Maths | Social Science | Science

Rice | roti | chocolate

the sun | my mother | her classmate Ravi | our PM | my school xyz public school​

​live

play

work

go

study​

(Where?)

in a house | at a playground | in the neighbourhood ​park | at my friend's home

to park | to school | to market | to grocery store

at the mechanic store | at the hospital | at the police station | at the government office

at the school | at the tuition centre | at my home | at our friend's home ​

wake up

study

sleep

play​

​(When?)

at 6 am in the morning | at 7 o' clock in the morning | at 5 pm in the evening

in the morning | in the afternoon | at 8 pm | at night | at noon​

Using the Table

Part B

  • Table 1
  • Table 2
  • table 3

Here all the phrases/words taught is last table’s last column are mixed together so that student must form sentence based.

He

She

It

My family

My mother

Her brother

Their father

His uncle

Her aunty

Our grandfather

Your grandmother

wake up :wake up

read : reads

like : likes

eat : eats

play : plays

learn: learns

know:knows

live:lives

go : goes

study:studies

support:supports

drink : drinks

think : thinks

Rice | chocolate | biryani

cricket | kho-kho

English | math | swimming

 grammar | tenses

Milk | water | juice | sharbat

in Kondapur | in Hyderabad | in Telangana | in India

in a playground | in my neighbourhood park | in my classroom

 at my friend’s house | in my room | at my home

in the morning at 6 AM | in the night at 10 PM | at 6 PM

in the evening | in the afternoon

at Raghav / Anjali

my/her/their best friend/friends

my friend Anjali /Raghav/Gopal

my friends Anjali and Raghav

Anjali and Raghav

her family

my friends

their friends

with + her aunties

their classmates

her friends

your t-shirt/jacket

her lunch

Using the Table

Exercises

NOTE: Words in the bracket are those that are not part of the table/ exercises but belong to the same word family.

Exercise 1

Put the verb in correct form.

Nouns

Verbs​

Family car, letters, film, weekend, kho kho, milk

​Wash, wake up, write, watch, play, like, go

1. Anuj _____ the family car.
a) Wash
b) Washes
c) Washs

2. My mother _____ at 6AM every morning.
a) wake up
b) wake ups
c) wakes up

3. Mr. Saxena _____ letters in the evening.
a) writes
b) writs
c)write

4. Tanu and Manu _____ films every weekend.
a) Watches
b) Watchs
c) Watch

5. Alia often ____ kho kho.
a) Play
b) Plays
c) Playes

6. Anusha _____ milk.
a) Likes
b) Liks
c) Like

7. His friend _____ to school.
a) Go
b) Gos
c) Goes

Exercise 2

Choose the right verbs to complete the sentences. Sometimes you need the negative: ( I added this exercise based on your suggestion on including scientific and other general facts. If these have not been covered with the children in their school, it can be omitted.)

Nouns

Verbs

Sun, vegetarian, meat, liar, truth, novelist, novel

​Write, eat, tell, rise

1. The sun _____ in the east.

2. Vegetarians _____ meat.

3. A novelist ______ novels.

4. A liar ____ truth

Exercise 3

Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verbs given in the box below.

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Others

Football, coffee, swimming pool, parents, flat (apartment), student, birthday parties, roti, homework, vegetables, fruit, market

Wake up, buy- open, speak, do, live, play, eat, close, drink, love

Small, good​

everyday, never, always​

Wake up  Buy  Open  Speak  Do  Live  Play  Eat  Close  Drink  Love​

1. Raj _____ football.


2. I never ______coffee.


3. The swimming pool ______ at 7:00 in the morning. It _____at 9:00 in the evening.


4. My parents ______ in a small flat.


5. They are good students. They always ______ their homework.


6. My students ______ English.


7. She always ________early in the morning.


8. The children ________ birthday parties.


9. My sister and I ______ rotis.


10. Isha ______ vegetables and fruits every day.

Exercise 4

Read the passage below and complete the exercises below .

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Farmer, farm, horse, tail, mane, stable, house, apples, food, water, city, cow, building, animal

​Love, live, ride, walk, run, wait, enjoy, give, wash

Happy, dark

Amar is a farmer. He lives on a farm. He has a horse. Her name is Moti. Amar loves Moti. He rides Moti. He rides every day. Sometimes they walk and sometimes they run. They are always happy.

Moti is Amar’s horse. She is brown. Her tail and mane are dark brown. She is three years old. She lives in the stable near Amar’s house.
Moti waits for Amar every morning. She enjoys their time together. Sometimes, Amar gives her apples. Amar always washes Moti. Then he gives her food and fresh water. Moti loves Amar.

A. Answer the following questions.

1. Where does Amar live?
a) on a farm
b) in a city

2. What does he do every day?
a) He rides Moti everyday
b) He runs everyday

3. Who is Moti?
a) a horse
b) a cow

4. Where does Moti live?
a) in a stable
b) in a house

B. Rewrite the following sentences as negative sentences
Examples for the sentence “Jeet sweeps the floor.”
Negative: Jeet does not sweep the floor.

1. Amar loves Moti.
Negative: _____________________________________________________

2. She is three years old.
Negative: _____________________________________________________

3. She enjoys movies.
Negative: _____________________________________________________

C. Read the description and write down what it is.Use the words in the box for help.​

Apple Horse House Table

1. It is a building where we live. What is it? ____________
2. It is a red fruit. What is it? ____________
3. It is an animal. What is it? ____________
4. It is a building for horses. What is it? ____________

Exercise 5

Tell us about yourself.

Nouns

Verbs

​Rice, aunty, spoon, scissor, ball, garden, bank, French, Italian

​do (homework), learn, study, sleep

1. What do you eat at night?
a) Rice
b) Hyderabad
c) Car

2. Where do you live?
a) In India
b) In Japan
c) In America

3. When do you do your homework?
a) In the morning
b) In the evening
c) In the afternoon

4. With whom do you play?
a) Your friends
b) Your teacher
c) Your aunty

5. With what do you eat?
a) Spoon
b) Scissor
c) Ball

6. What do you learn?
a) English
b) French
c) Italian

7. Where do you study?
a) In school
b) In the garden
c) In the bank

8. Where do you sleep?
a) At home
b) At school
c) In the garden

9. Do you play cricket?
a) sometimes
b) usually
c) never

10. Do you eat with your family?
a) Sometimes
b) Never
c) Always

Exercise 6

Fill in the blanks with help of the pictures. Also draw the correct time for each activity on the clock.

Nouns

Verbs

​Breakfast, lunch, dinner

​get up, leave school (in the sense of go back home), go to bed

Exercise 7

A- Match the verb with the correct picture.

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives​

Pictures, office, orange juice, bus, clothes, kitchen

​Drink, cook, work, wash, drive, draw, brush teeth

nice​

a) drink  b) cook  c) work  d) wash  e)drive  f)draw  g)brush teeth

B-Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs given above.

  1. Anu, Tanu and Manu __________ nice pictures.
  2. Ms. Arora ________ in an office.
  3. Priya _______ orange juice.
  4. Mr. Khanna _______ his teeth every morning.
  5. Rajiv ________ a bus.
  6. Malti _________ clothes.
  7. Mr. Shah ______ dinner in the kitchen.
  8. Abhishek and Pragya _______ at 10 PM.

Exercise 8

Study the table and make sentences. One example has been done for you.

Nouns

Verbs

Others

​Hide and Seek

play, wake up, drink

usually

play hide and seek

wake up at 7 AM

drink milk

eat rice

Nidhi

sometimes

always

sometimes

usually

Shiv

usually

never

usually

sometimes

I

always

usually

never

always

They

never

sometimes

always

never

Play hide and seek

  1. Nidhi plays hide and seek sometimes.
  2. Shiv usually plays hide and seek
  3. I never play hide and seek.
  4. They always play hide and seek.

Wake up at 7 pm

  1. Nidhi…..
  2. Shiv….
  3. I…..
  4. They….

Drink milk

  1. Nidhi…..
  2. Shiv….
  3. I…..
  4. They….

Eat rice

  1. Nidhi…..
  2. Shiv….
  3. I…..
  4. They….

Exercise 9

Shreya is a girl. She is 11 years old. Look at the information in the box and write sentences about Shreya.

Nouns

Verbs

​song, chocolate

read, sing

1. Speak Telugu

Yes​

​2. Watch TV

​No

3. Make sambhar​

​No

​4. Learn English

Yes​

​5. Like Shahrukh Khan

​No

​6. Read books

Yes​

​7. Sing songs

Yes​

​8. Eat chocolates

​No

  1. Shreya speaks Telugu.
  2. She does not watch TV.
  3. ___________________
  4. ___________________
  5. ___________________
  6. ___________________
  7. ___________________
  8. ___________________
Activities

Task 1

For daily life practical application

The teacher can dress up as a doctor, policeman or any other professional and then talk about himself/herself to the class. (Dressing up will really add to the class effect)

VOCABULARY:

Please cover all the vocabulary related to the professional you choose to dress up as.

For the examples given below, the vocabulary list is as follows-

Protect, citizens, solve crimes, catch criminals, because.Treat, medicines, injection.

Example :

I am Abhishek Roy. I live in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. I live with my wife, Amruta. We have two children, Aarav and Aditi. I love my family.

I am a police officer in Hyderabad. I protect the citizens of Hyderabad. I solve crimes and catch criminals. I keep the citizens safe.

I like my job. I am a police officer because I like to help people.

OR

I am Nidhi Verma. I am 24 years old. I live in Pune. I live with my parents. I love them.

I am a doctor. I work in a hospital. I treat small children. I cure the sick children. I give them medicines. Sometimes I have to give injections. I also tell the children funny stories to make them happy.

I like my job. I am a doctor because I like to help people.

Task 2 and Task 3

  1. Passing the Parcel

First make a paper ball made of crushed newspaper with strips containing questions between every layer.

Instructions for making the ball:

  1. Paste each strip (given below) on cardboard.
  2. Crush a sheet of newspaper to make a ball
  3. Wrap the one strip in each ball.
  4. Cover it with another sheet of newspaper
  5. Now cover it with another strip
  6. Continue till all the strips have been included between every layer.

Next,

  1. Start the game of passing the paper ball that you have made and get all players to sing a nursery rhyme or any simple song they know. (If children don’t know English poems, you can either play them on any device or then get them to recite poems in their native languages. You can simply beat a metal spoon against a steel plate to create music.
  2. Stop the song at any particular point and whoever has the ball must unwrap it to read what is written on the strip inside and answer the question.

Strips

  • Where do you study?
  • When do you eat lunch?
  • With whom do you play?
  • What do you study?
  • When do you sleep?
  • Where do you live?
  • What do you drink?
  • With what do you play?
  • What do you read?
  • With whom do you eat?
  • When do you study?
  • Do you eat rice?
  • Do you live in Hyderabad?
  • Do you play in the evening?
  • Do you study with your friends?
  • Do you wake up at 6 AM?
  • Does your mother eat biryani?

​2. Pretend

Doctor, teacher, construction worker, railway engine driver, farmer, grandfather, Narendra Modi, M.S. Dhoni, policeman, Shah Rukh Khan, Deepika Padukone, Mahatma Gandhi, student, mother

Write the names/ professions given above on chits and fold the chits. Then invite each student to pick a chit and imagine himself as the character as named on the chit. Now each student plays the role of the character and describes his/her activities on a normal working day.

NOTE- This activity can also be used for Sentence structure 6. For this, instruct the students to use the more complex kind of sentences they learn in Sentence Structure 6. (i.e. – they should convey more information in a single sentence itself. For example- Instead of saying- ‘I play cricket. I play in the ground’, the child should say- I play cricket in the ground.)

If you feel the children will find this difficult, you can convert this into a writing activity or allow them to write out their sentences first and then read them before the class.

  1. Two truths one lie.

Every student has to say 3 things about himself in simple present tense. Example, I learn Karate, I have two brothers, I read Harry Potter. Explain to the children that only two of the statements have to be true, while one is a bluff. (In the example above, ‘I have two brothers’ is the lie while the other two statements are true.) The rest of the class/ the child’s partner has to guess which one is the false statement. If the partner/ someone in the class guesses correctly, that person gets a point. If the guess is wrong, the child who made the statements gets the point.

(If you conduct the activity in pairs, one way to go about it is to get the children to stand in two rows facing each other. The two children facing each other are a pair and play the game. Once they are done, make the children in ANY ONE row move one place to the right/left. This way every child gets a new partner. This can be repeated till every child in one row has played with every child in the other row, or until the teacher sees fit.

  1. Find someone who….

Give children a worksheet saying ‘find someone who…’

Plays music·

Is a teacher·

Sleeps before 10PM·

Has a brother AND a sister·

Plays cricket·

Likes Virat Kohli

Reads English books

Knows Tamil

Wakes up at 6 AM

Does not like biryani

Is not from Hyderabad

Likes Maths

Once they have the worksheets, they are to go around the class trying to find someone who actually does the activities listed in the worksheet. They are to ask questions in the simple present tense. Example- Do you play music? Or Do you wake up at 6 AM? The answers are also to be given in the simple present. Example, Yes, I do or No, I don’t. When they find someone say yes, they must write down that person’s name on the worksheet next to the activity they have said yes for.

.

Allow the children to go around asking their questions for 5-8 minutes (or the teacher can decide on the time).

After the questioning time ends, get the children to settle down. The teacher can then ask questions like- Who sleeps before 10 PM? Children can raise their hands to answer. The answer must also be in simple present. Example- Tanu sleeps before 10 PM. In some cases, teachers can ask more supplementary questions.

For example- Teacher: Who plays music?

Student A: Abhi plays music.

Teacher: Which instrument does he play?

Student: He plays the flute.

NOTE: Before starting the activity, ensure that the students are comfortable with both, asking questions and giving answers in the style mentioned above. If need be, the teacher can have a few rounds of practise using other different examples before starting the activity

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