Level 0

Introduction

This is the most elementary lesson plan available on this portal. This lesson plan is for students who have negligible exposure to English in any form (written/spoken). After this elementary level is taught by the teacher then she can start with the actual Sentence structures (beginning with SS 1).


Objective: To break the ice between the teacher and the students and to familiarize them with basic English.

Description: The teacher introduces herself in English in order to introduce the language to the students. She then proceeds to ask questions (below) to the students in English. The teacher should put up these questions in English first but she must repeat the same in the students’ native language.

The students may answer in their native language. Then the teacher should proceed to teach them how to answer these questions and other such basic questions that they may come across in their day-to-day lives in English.

  1. What is your name ?
  2. What do you do ?
  3. How are you ?
  4. Where do you live?
  5. How old are you?
  6. Do you like the school ?
  7. What do you like to do?
  8. What is the name of the student sitting with you ?
  9. Who are your friends?
  10. What do you like to eat ?
  11. What is your father`s/mother`s name ?
  12. What is the name of your brother/sister ?

Add more such questions as you interact with the students.

The Alphabet


After breaking the ice with the students, teacher should begin to formally teach them English. We start with the alphabets first.

Objective: To teach the students how to read, write and recite The English Alphabets along with relevant elementary vocabulary, both simultaneously.

Description: The teacher writes the Alphabets on the board and asks the students to recite the Alphabet after/with her, teaching them the sound/sounds carried by each alphabet (as part of a word). This can be supported by taking up each letter and pointing out objects around/in the room beginning with that letter.

The teacher starts with one letter at-a-time, writes it on the board and starts pointing at common objects that start with that letter. For example, she writes A on the board and proceed indicating objects that start with A and the students recite these words with her.

The teacher points out objects around the room and indicates the letter they start with, emphasizing on the sounds they produce.

  1. A for Apple
  2. B for Blackboard
  3. C for Chair
  4. D for Desk
  5. ….....

​  26. Z for Zip

This is done until all the letters are covered and the students have recited and noted-down at least 30 new words.

Activity

Fill in the blanks (can be conducted orally or in-writing)

  1. A for —–
  2. F for ——-
  3. G for —–
  4. C for ——–
  5. Y for ——
  6. T for ——
  7. U for ——-
  8. P for —–
  9. I for ——
  10. B for ——-

(IDENTIFY THE FIRST LETTER)

  1. —– for Dog
  2. —– for Pen
  3. —- for Tree
  4. —– for Book
  5. —- for Door
  6. —– for Teacher
  7. —– for Shoes
  8. —- for Water-bottle
  9. — for Yes
  10. —-for English

Greetings


Objective: To accustom the students with the basic greetings and wishes in English. The greetings and wishes are the easiest to learn in any language and can be easily inculcated in their day-to-day conversations. They`re a great way to kick-start the learning of a new language.

Description: The teacher teaches the students basic wishes/greetings that one comes across in everyday conversations with the help of examples and situations. The greetings should only be done verbally for the time being and spellings can be practiced later-on. The teacher will focus more on teaching them how to apply these common greetings in conversations and cases where they may be used, rather than the grammar and vocabulary. The following greetings and the situations they’re used in, must be taught-

  1. Hello/ Hi.
  2. Thank you.
  3. How`re you?
  4. (Answer to “How`re you?”) I`m fine, thank you.
  5. I`m sorry.
  6. Good Morning
  7. Good Afternoon
  8. Good Night
  9. Good Evening
  10. Please
  11. No/Yes
  12. Bye.
  13. What`s the time ?
  14. (Telling the time) It`s 6 o`clock.

Activity

What would you do in the following situations? Choose a response from the bracket.

(The situations should be explained to the students, in English or in their own language.)

  1. The teacher enters your class in the morning. What would you say to her? (Good Morning/ Sorry/ Bye)
  2. The teacher gives you a chocolate. What would you say to her? (Good Night/Thank you/Hello)
  3. You have not done the work the teacher gave you. What would you say to her? (Sorry/Good evening/Hello)
  4. You`re going to sleep. What would say to your parents? (Good morning/Good Night/ Hello)
  5. You are very hungry and your mother asks you if you want food. What would you say to her ? (Bye/Yes/ Thank you)
  6. You meet your friends in the park. What would you say to them? (Hello/Sorry/No)
  7. You have lost your watch. How would you ask your friend for the time?(What is the time?/ Where is the time?/When is the time?)
  8. You want your friend`s book. How would you ask? (Give me your book,sorry./ Give me your book, please./Give me your book, bye.)
  9. You meet your friend after a long time. What will you say to them? (Hello, how`re you?/ Sorry, Bye. / Bye, Good Night.)
  10. Someone asks you the time. What would you say? (It`s 4`o clock./ Good night, bye./ How`re you?)

Fun Activity: Make it a rule in the first class itself that everyday each student has to use these greetings at least 5 times no matter to whom they`re talking to. At the end of the class ask a random student to tell the 5 situations in which he used the greetings and what greetings he used.

This a great way to have a little personal interaction with your pupil and at the same time track his/her progress.

Time and Date


Objective: To help students identify the time, month and practice more common vocabulary and expressions related to time and duration.

Description: This segment is meant to teach students basic tasks like telling the time, identifying the time of the day, name of the months, days of the week etc. In this segment, the teacher covers the following-

  1. Months
  2. Days
  3. Divisions of a day

Telling the time: The teacher teaches the students how to tell the time using a table clock.

The simple charts given below can be used to easily teach the various time durations.

What is an year ?

How many days are there in a week ?

There are 7 days in a week.

  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • Saturday
  • Sunday

​What happens during the day?

​Morning

Afternoon

Evening

Night​

​Wake up

Attend classes

Go out and play

Watch television

Brush and Bath

Come back from school

Go for a walk

Finish homework

Have breakfast

Have lunch

Exercise

Have dinner

Go to school​

Take a short nap​

Have tea and snacks​

Go to sleep​

Basic Vocabulary


Objective: To further familiarize them with basic words and vocabulary used on a daily-basis and practicing spellings simultaneously. To comprehensively study vocabulary like colours, professions, family-members and frame basic sentences using these words.

Description: The teacher now moves forward with the teaching of more words that the students may have to use on a regular basis to communicate in English. The practices these words with the students with a short description/examples until they become familiar with each. The teacher can write on the board or provide handouts of various lists of colours/ professions/ family-members/ places etc. A short-activity after practicing each list will further seal the vocabulary in the learner`s mind. The lists are given below:


1. COLOUR

​The colours can be taught by writing each colour on the board, practicing its spelling with the students and further indicating objects of that colour within sight and discussing other common objects with that colour. This should be done until students know at least 5-7 basic colors and how to spell them. Here is a list of basic-colours for the students to learn and practice:

  • Black
  • Blue
  • White
  • Red
  • Brown
  • Yellow
  • Green
  • Purple
  • Violet
  • Pink
  • Maroon
  • Grey
  • Orange
  • Cream

Fun Activity: Use a colour box to practise colours! Take a colour from the colour-box and ask your students to identify it. Do this with all the colours. Similarly, give your students a colour and ask them to choose from the colour-box. Give them a colour from the colour-box ​and ask them to find another object around them of the sme colour and place the crayon next to it. A great way to colour their imagination, literally!


2. PROFESSION AND PLACES

​Professions and Places can be teamed together and taught simultaneously. They can be taught with a short examples or descriptions. The English-explanations can be read out to the students and further supported with explanations in their native language. Find a sample list below.

  • Hospital/Doctor/Nurse: Hospital is a place where sick people go to remove the sickness from their body. A doctor works at a hospital and takes care of sick-people.A nurse helps the doctor and looks after the patient when the doctor is gone.
  • School/Teacher/Principal: School is a place where students go to learn and study. Teacher is a person who teaches students how to read and write at the school. Principal is the head of the school.
  • Bank/Banker: Bank is a place where one goes to borrow money, open accounts and put money money in it. Banker is one who lends money to people and opens accounts at the bank.
  • Restaurant/Waiter/Chef: Restaurant is a place where people go to eat good food. Waiter is a person who carries plates and serves food at a restaurant. Chef is the person who cooks food at a restaurant.
  • House/Architect/Mason/Plumber/Electrician/Maid: A house is a place where someone lives with their family. Architect is a person who designs the house before it is built. Mason is a person who lays bricks and cement and builds the house with his own hands. Plumber is the person who fixes taps and pipes in the house. Electrician is the one who checks the tube lights, bulbs, fans in the house. A maid is the person who helps cleaning the house and the kitchen again.
  • Court/Lawyer/Judge: A court is a place where people argue over matters involving money, land, etc. A lawyer is a person who argues and defends people. A judge is the person who makes the final decision in a court after listening to the arguments of the lawyers.
  • College/Professor: College is a place where people go to get a degree and study more after school. Professor is a person who teaches at the college.
  • Stadium/Player: Stadium is a place where people play sports and games. A player is a person who plays a sport.

Other common professions and places can be included in the list according to the learning abilities of the students.

Another way to approach teaching “professions” is to teach them paired with “verbs” or “actions”. The students can be given a list of professions with their respective jobs or actions that they perform. Refer to the table below.

Who

Job

Where/What

​Teacher

​Teach

School

Player

Play

Stadium/Field

Doctor

Cure diseases​

Hospital

Lawyer

Argue/Defend

Court

Shopkeeper

Buy/Sell things

Shop/Showroom

Architect

Design/Plan structures

House/Building

Dancer

Dance

Anywhere​

Actor/Actress

Act

Movies/Serials/Stage​

Writer

Write

Books/Novels/Stories

Receptionist

Answer phone calls

Office

Singer

Sing

Anywhere

Soldier

Fight to defend country​

War/Border​

Fun Activity: The student can be asked to pick a profession from the list and enact the person who undertakes the profession. For example if the student chooses the profession "Player", he/she has to enact a player playing a sport. This can also be done in groups or pairs.


3. FAMILY MEMBERS​

​Family-relations can be taught with the help of a Family-tree chart consisting the basic family relations. The students can be taught the spelling of terminology such as:

  • Father
  • Mother
  • Daughter
  • Son
  • Sister
  • Brother
  • Grandfather
  • Grandmother
  • Uncle
  • Aunt
  • Cousin
  • Niece

​Fun Activity: Ask your students to prepare a family tree at home gathering the names of as many relatives as they can find out and their relation with them. They can take help of their family and anybody else in drawing the family tree. 


4. BODY PARTS

​The students will be given a list or a teaching aid(a chart of the human body with labelled body-parts) can be used to teach students the different body-parts. They will be taught the location of the body-parts as well as their spelling. Teach students to identify the different body-parts and simultaneously explain their purpose in/on the body. The following body-parts should be taught to the students with one use of each body part.

Body Part

Use/Description

Hair

​Long/short/black

Eyes

​two eyes/help us to see

Nose

​One nose/helps us to smell

Lips

​Pink/help us to speak and to whistle

Neck

​Connects the head to the rest of the body

Hands

​two hands with fingers/help us write, pick things up etc.

Fingers

​five fingers on each hand/ help us to count, write etc

Legs

​two legs/used for walking and running

Feet

​one foot on each leg/ used for walking/ we wear shoes on our feet

Shoulders

Upper part of each person's arms/join the arms to the body

Toes

​five toes on each foot

Teeth

​there are 32 teeth/ they`re used to chew/white in colour

Mouth

​used for chewing food and biting

Brain​

​inside the head/used for thinking and learning things

Heart

​pumps blood inside the body/keeps us alive

Stomach

where all the food goes after eating and is digested

Tongue​

Helps us taste the food/used for eating ice-creams​


​5. CLOTHING

​What do we wear?

  1. Neha wears a skirt to school everyday.
  2. Sanket wears blue pants.
  3. Amar wears a white shirt to school.
  4. Harsh wears a T-shirt when he is playing.
  5. Sarah wears a frock when she is with her friends.
  6. Mr. Naidu wears a hat to work.
  7. His watch is silver in colour.
  8. Nisha wears sandles while playing.
  9. Rohit wears a black belt with his uniform.
  10. Mrs. Banarjee from Kolkata wears a white and red saree.
  11. Ms. Sodhi from Chandigarh wears salwar kameez.
  12. Mr. Iyer from Chennai wears a lungi.
  13. Himani from Ahmedabad wears a ghaghra.

​6. MISCELLANEOUS

Animals

Birds

Sports/Games

Fruits​

Dog

​Hen

​Cricket

Apple

Cat

Parrot

Kabaddi

Banana

Snake

Pigeon

Football​

Mango

Elephant

Sparrow

Swimming

Orange

Cow

Peacock

Hockey

Strawberry

Goat

Crow

Tennis

Guava

Giraffe​

Eagle​

Running/Jogging​

Papaya​

Activities

The teacher will now proceed to some exercises to practice basic vocabulary.

Exercise 1​

Fill in the blanks with the suitable options given below.

​animal, cricket, hands, banana, brother, nose, black, professor, bird, red, hospital, green, legs, stadium

  1. My favourite fruit is _____ .
  2. My mother`s son is my ______.
  3. My favourite sport is ______.
  4. Sparrow is a _______.
  5. Tiger is an ________.
  6. A crow is ______ in colour.
  7. That tree is _____ in colour with ______ apples.
  8. A doctor works in a _____.
  9. A player plays in a ______.
  10. My father teaches in a college. He is a _____.
  11. I have one ____, two ___ and two ____.

Exercise 2​

​Match Column A with suitable words in Column B

​A

B

​A yellow fruit

​Legs

A red fruit

Banana

A green bird

Orange

A place where a lawyer argues

Court

A place to open an account

Shop

A body part for walking

Parrot

A body part with fingers

Apple

Someone who fights in a war

Fingers

A place to buy things

Soldier

A colour which is also a fruit​

Bank​

Exercise 3​

Guess Who? (The teacher reads out the clues and the students try to guess the occupation of the person described.)

  1. Shekhar is a doctor. Whenever someone’s teeth ache, they go to Shekhar. DENTIST
  2. Pankaj makes furniture. He works with wood, nails, saws and glue. CARPENTER
  3. Radha works in a college. She teaches to students in the college. PROFESSOR.
  4. Mohan owns a shop. He sells medicines to those who come to him with a doctor’s prescription. CHEMIST
  5. Ashok flies aeroplanes. He takes passengers from one city to another. PILOT.
  6. Priya works in films. She acts and dances. ACTRESS/ACTOR
  7. Nisha plays tennis. She has played in many stadiums. PLAYER
  8. Rakesh works in a school. He teaches maths to grade 4. TEACHER
  9. Ranjan works in a restaurant. He cooks food for the customers. CHEF
  10. Sheela helps doctors. She treats sick and injured people coming to the hospital. She wears a white dress. NURSE

Basic English Grammar


Objective: To introduce students to the English Grammar and teach parts of speech and their easy-usage, thus enabling them to form sentences and understand the language.

Description: The teacher will simply explain the given parts of speech and what they do in a sentence. Basic parts of speech like Noun, Verb, Adjective, Pronoun, Article, Preposition will be taught with the help of simple sentences using vocabulary from the Basic Vocabulary Section.

​The most common parts of speech English Grammar are as follows:

1. NOUNS

​A noun is a word used for a place, person, category, object or any thing in general. Nouns can be Common nouns(for anything in general) or Proper Nouns(for particular things like specific names of people, places, cities, countries etc.) Nouns normally behave as the object/subject in a sentence. They answer the question “what/who/to whom?” in a sentence.

Examples of nouns:

Common Nouns

Animals

Birds

Sports/Games

Fruits​

Dog

​Hen

​Cricket

Apple

Cat

Parrot

Kabaddi

Banana

Snake

Pigeon

Football​

Mango

Elephant

Sparrow

Swimming

Orange

Cow

Peacock

Hockey

Strawberry

Goat

Crow

Tennis

Guava

Giraffe​

Eagle​

Running/Jogging​

Papaya​

​Proper Nouns: Always start with a capital letter

Name of people

Names of states/countries/cities/continents

Names of famous places/Rivers/mountains

Rishi

​India

​Taj Mahal

Hari​

Africa

Himalayas​

Priyanka

Nepal

India Gate

Dheeraj

New Delhi

Char Minar

Sakshi

Asia

Red Fort

Pramod

Antarctica

Eiffel Tower

Nandini

Europe

Rashtrapati Bhawan

Mahatma Gandhi

Rome

Mount Everest

Amitabh Bachchan

Hyderabad

Ganga

Sachin Tendulkar​

United States​

Yamuna​

​2. VERBS

​It tells of an action, event or a state of being of the NOUN. It indicates to what action the NOUN is performing in the sentence. A VERB has a number of tenses which represent when the action takes place in. The most basic tenses are- Present, Past and Future. Present tense is used for actions which happen in the present time or now. Past tense is used for actions which have already happened or took place in the past. Future Tense form of verb is used for actions that will take place in the future and have not yet happened. Some commonly used verbs are:

  • Be
  • Live
  • Work
  • Play
  • Talk
  • Ask
  • Read
  • Write
  • Swim
  • Bring
  • Buy
  • Know
  • Put
  • Run
  • Come

​The verbs are conjugated according to whether they are taking place now, have already taken place or will take place and then used in a sentence. The verb also changes according to the number of the subject, especially in the Present Tense. Some common tense forms of commonly used verbs are:

Verb

Present

singular noun/plural noun​

Past

Future

To be

is/are

was/were

will be

To have

has/have

had

will have

To play

plays/play

played

will play​

To ask

asks/ask

asked

will ask

To work

works/work

worked

will work

To live​

lives/live​

lived​

will live​

How to form verbs

Present- Infinitive verb(work/dance/play/be) + s (for singular noun)

Infinitive verb (for plural noun)

Past- Inf. verb+ ed

Future- will+ inf.

3. ARTICLES

​Unique Individual: THE

  1. THE Taj Mahal is in Agra.
  2. THE Earth revolves around THE sun.
  3. I kept my book on a table.I picked up the book from the table the next day. (Object already mentioned earlier)

Common Individual Objects: A, AN​

For the words starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) - Use AN

  1. ​An apple
  2. An elephant
  3. An ice cream
  4. An orange
  5. An umbrella
  6. An active girl
  7. An easy test
  8. An interesting story
  9. An ugly duckling
  10. An old man

​For the words starting with a consonant - Use A

  1. A slipper
  2. A bed
  3. A dog
  4. A toy
  5. A car
  6. A sheet of paper
  7. A tall mango tree
  8. A fat woman
  9. A pretty woman
  10. A smart perfectionist

4. QUANTITY​

​Singular

Plural​

​1 cat, pen, bag, door, girl, cloud, house

Many cats, pens, bags, doors, girls, clouds, houses

​1 man, woman

​Many men, women

​1 box, fox, watch, rash, glass

​Many boxes, foxes, watches, rashes, glasses

1 baby, family, puppy, candy, copy, party

​Many babies, families, puppies, candies, copies, parties

​1 tooth, foot, goose

​Many teeth, feet, geese

​1 child

​Many children

​1 leaf, knife, roof

​Many leaves, knives, roofs

​1 mouse

​mice

​1 potato, buffalo

​Many potatoes, buffaloes

Exceptions :

  • Water, air, earth, fire – always singular
  • Sheep – always singular
  • Fish – always singular
  • Hair – always singular
  • News (because it stands for North East West South)
  • Pants, shorts, spectacles, scissors – always in plural

5. ADJECTIVES​

A noun is any naming word; a word that names people, places, animals or things.

Any word that in a sentence that tells us something more about the noun in the sentence is an adjective.

The teacher can read the following paragraph out to the students and ask them to identify the adjectives in the sentences.

I woke up at 7 o’clock in the morning. My mother made me a HOT cup of tea. I then took a bath with WARM water. Next, I wore my NEW clothes and left for school. The road to the school was very BUMPY. I reached late but my teacher was a NICE person so she let me come in. After school, I went to my BEST friend’s place. We had the TASTY snacks prepared by her mother and talked for a LONG time. I returned home in the evening. My mother was ANGRY and asked me to go to bed immediately.

WHEN ADJECTIVES COME AFTER THE NOUN, AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE.

  • I am hungry.
  • The book is interesting.
  • You are beautiful.
  • These flowers are so colourful!
  • My toy is new.
  • The giraffe is really tall.
  • The tree in the park is very leafy.
  • Today’s lunch was a little salty.
  • Summer days are really bright.
  • Her birthday gift made Nina happy.

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