This is the tenth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS-9. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the Level Selector Test.
How to use this SS?
After setting up the class follow these steps:
First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.
Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.
After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.
NOTE: Add columns like SS 11 and mention that time phrase used here will be broader than the ones used in next SS(past continuous) which will contain much more specific time phrases.
My classmate's brother
His best friend Raj
That boy/This girl
a small puppy
her lunch box
with my friend Radha
With a cricket bat
for my sister/friend
for his birthday
to the needy girl Radha
to my father
at the school garden yesterday evening
at my home in the morning
during the lunch yesterday
on children's day
to her home last week
to his grandfather's house yesterday morning
to school yesterday
to lunch yesterday
at the carpenter's shop last month
I played cricket with my friend Radha at the school garden yesterday evening.
My grandmother ate rice at home in the morning.
My classmate's brother drank milk with sugar during the lunch yesterday.
His best friend Raj gave her chocolates to the needy girl Radhika on children's day..
That girl took a small puppy to her home last week.
She bought a colour pencil pencil-box for her birthday.(No time mentioned, it is not necessary to do so always)
Ramesh did not go (opposite to went) to school yesterday. Instead, he went to his grandfather's house yesterday morning.
I bought a pen for my sister today morning.
I worked at the carpenter's shop last month.
She shared her lunch box with me at lunch yesterday.
Phrase 2(With/For + Whom)(With what)
play => played
learn => learned
live => lived
study => studied
show => showed
bake => baked
cook => cooked
NOTE: Words in the bracket are those that are not part of the table/ exercises but belong to the same word family.
Fill the blanks using simple past tense of the verbs given in the bracket.
Restaurant, dal and rice, train, table, chair, hall
Play, like, eat, forget, travel, miss, ride, go, fly, know, make, grow, feel, work, meet
Write the past simple of the following verbs.
Pay, play, buy, visit, get, see, go, think, copy, know, put, speak
Railway station, waiting room, compartment, tourist guide, samosa
Visit, love, see, meet, work, speak, travel, Travel, wake, drink, leave, go, wait, buy, eat, read arrive, is, find, sit, reach, take
A. Read about Shreya’s journey to Pune. Put the verbs in the correct form.
1.Travel 2. Wake 3. Drink 4. Leave 5. Go 6. Wait 7. Buy 8. Eat 9. Read 10. Arrive 11. Is 12. Find 13. Sit 14. Reach 15. Take
Last Tuesday Shreya (1) _______ from Mumbai to Pune. She (2)_____ up at six o’ clock in the morning and (3) _____ tea. At 6.30 she (4) ____ home and (5)______ to the railway station. There she(6) ______ in the waiting room. She(7) _____ a samosa for Rs.10 and (8) ______ it. She then (9)_____ a book. The train finally (10) _____ at 7.30. It (11) ____ 20 minutes late. Shreya (12) _____ her compartment and (13)_____. The train (14)______Pune three hours later. Shreya (15)_____ a taxi from the railway station to her hotel.
B. Read about the Mehtas’ journey to Udaipur and fill in the blanks by using simple past or simple present tense of the verbs,
Every year, the Mehtas ……………..(visit) Rajasthan. They ……….(love) it there. Last year, they …………..(visit) Jaipur. They …………..(see) the City Palace. The City Palace ………(be) one of the most famous places in Udaipur. There, they …………..(meet) their best friend Arya. Arya………….(be) a 35 years old Rajasthani man. He………….(work) as a tour guide. He …………….(speak)Hindi and English.
Write sentences about the past. (yesterday/ last week etc.)
Cinema, car, keys, apple, shower
Meet, go, lose, have, eat
Tell us about yourself. Which of the following activities did you do yesterday? Answer by writing positive and negative sentences in simple past tense.
Letter, milk, hair
Watch, do, run, go, learn, dance, read, write, drink, reach, answer, cry, wash, sleep
eat rice, play with friends, watch TV, do homework, run, go to school, learn English, dance, read the newspaper, write a letter, drink milk, wash your hair, sleep before 10.30 PM, reach school on time, answer questions in class,cry
Complete the following table. One example has been done for you.
Swim, draw, watch, sing
They did not play.
We watch TV
Answer or write questions.
Fruits, vegetables, chips, cookies, burgers, water, kho kho , smbhar, soba
Slept, ate, played, drank,took, feels (well), watched)
Yesterday, Raashi slept a lot. She ate fresh fruit and vegetables and she drank lots of water. She played kho kho with her friends and then she took a shower in the afternoon. She had sambar-rice for dinner. Today, Raashi feels very well. Her friend, Aashna, didn’t sleep a lot. She ate too many chips and biscuits and she drank lots of soda. She watched the TV all day. She had three burgers for dinner. Today, Aashna doesn’t feel well.
She drank lots of soda
She ate too many chips and cookies.
She had three hot dogs for dinner.
Select the correct alternative.
Magazine, website, information,store, week, mistake
Find, stop, call, make, appoint
A.Rewrite the sentences using the simple past of the verbs.
Meeting, money, sitar, pencils, pens
Avoid, buy, sell, visit, stay, wake up
1. I didn’t talked to her because she avoid me at the last meeting.
2. Where did you got this money?
3. She call me yesterday and said she is doing all right.
4. Mishti play the sitar very well.
5. We buy pencils and sold pens.
B.Find the mistake and correct it.
1.We visit Madurai last year.
2.Last week, We stayed in Bangalore.
3.I wake up yesterday at 7 am.
4.He play good cricket yesterday.
5.Purab and Alia was married.
Put the sentences into simple past.
Poem, door, garden
Open, write, speak, dance, sing
1. We open the door. →
2. You write poems. →
3. Radhika plays in the garden. →
4. Nihaar does not speak English. →
5. Amruta and Himanshu dance very well.
6. I sing well.
Read about Shaurya’s typical working day.
Jog, breakfast, bicycle, meal
Get up, go, ride, start,have, finish, watch, cook, sleep
I usually get up at 6 o’clock and have a shower. Then, I go for an early morning jog in the
park. After that, I have a big breakfast and I ride my bicycle to work.
I start work at 8:30. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o’clock. I am
always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening and then watch TV. I
don’t usually go out at night. I go to bed at about 10:30. I always sleep well.
Yesterday was a typical day for Shaurya. Write what he did or didn’t do yesterday.
Remember to change the verbs in to the past simple tense.
Write a few sentences about each of the following personalities using the information given below their pictures.
(Note for teacher: Here emphasis is not to be laid solely on forming sentences correctly in simple past. The order in which the student arranges the sentences to form a coherent paragraph is also very important.)
Ahimsa, lawyer, freedom fighter, father of the nation, Roman Catholic Missionary, Nobel Prize for Peace/Literature, AIDS, leprosy, tuberculosis, Bharat ratna, painter, writer, queen, warrior, Revolt of 1857, religious philosophies, orator, founder, education, orphanages, schools, the poor, world, astronaut, space, space shuttle, professor, philosopher, Vice President, President, Teacher’s Day, Birthday
Killed, died, born, believed, wrote, won, fought, work, spread, crashed, celebrated
For example, while writing about Gandhi if the student says “Gandhi was born on 2nd October. He was killed on 31 January, 1948 by Nathuram Godse in Delhi. He was a believer in ahimsa. He was a freedom fighter and a lawyer.” Though the sentences are grammatically correct the paragraph does not flow naturally. This is not what is expected of the students.)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Born- October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.
Killed on January 1948 at New Delhi by Nathuram Godse.
Believed in ahimsa (non violence)
Lawyer, Freedom Fighter
Father of the Nation
Born- August 26, 1910 in Macedonia.
Roman Catholic Missionary
Helped people suffering from AIDS, leprosy, tuberculosis etc. Ran orphanages and schools. Worked for the poor.
Won Nobel Prize for Peace and the Bharat Ratna.
Won Nobel Prize for Peace and the Bharat Ratna.
Born- May 7, 1861, Kolkata
Freedom Fighter, Painter, Writer
Wrote Geetanjali, Jana Gana Mana
Won Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913
Born- November 19, 1828 in Varanasi
Queen of Jhansi, Brave warrior.
Fought in the Revolt of 1857.
Born- 12 January 1863 in Kolkata
Real Name- Narendra Datta
Worked to spread the message of Hindu philosophies among the people of the world
Very good orator (speaker)
Founder of Ramakrishna Mission which works to spread education and religious philosophies.
Born- March 17, 1962 in Karnal.
Worked with NASA, First Indian woman astronaut to go to space.
Died on February 1, 2003 when the space shuttle Columbia crashed.
Born- September 5, 1888
First Vice President and second President of India.
Won Bharat Ratna
Teacher’s Day is celebrated each year on his birthday
This is a poem by Vivaan. Read the poem and then answer the questions that follow.
Happiness, joy, books, chair, mark, day, room, hair, breakfast, things, teeth, clothes, nose
Jumped, got up, washed, stood, put on (clothes), cleaned, rubbed, brushed (hair), packed, sat, went, opened, saw, picked, said, got, ran
I got up early,
Jumped out of bed,
I washed my hands
And stood on my head.
I jumped for joy
And put on my clothes,
I cleaned my teeth
And rubbed my nose.
I had my breakfast,
Brushed my hair,
I packed my things
And sat on the chair.
I went to my room,
Opened the door.
I saw my books
On the floor.
I picked them up,
Three or four,
Said “Good- bye”,
Went to the door.
With happiness and joy
I ran to school, I got an excellent mark My day was cool!
(Can be restricted to adults if teacher finds content too difficult for kids)
Tea stall, bus terminus, political organization, Prime Minister, Chief Minister, leader, economic growth, human development, government, riots
Helped, praised, encouraging, criticised, failed, improved
(work) hard, significantly
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
Narendra Modi was born on September 17, 1950, in Vadnagar, Gujarat. Modi was the third of six children and as a child he helped his father sell tea at the Vadnagar railway station, and later ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus. He joined a political organization called Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh (RSS) when he was just eight.
He worked very hard and now he is the 15th and current Prime Minister of India.Modi, is a leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014. He did very good work in Gujarat. He was praised for encouraging economic growth in the state. Sometimes he was criticised because he failed to significantly improve the human development in the state. Modi was also criticised a lot because when he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat, his government failed to prevent the 2002 Gujarat riots.
Explain to the students that the simple past tense can be used to talk about virtually any activity that was completed in the past. Give them examples such as :
My birthday is on 16th December. Last year I had a very nice birthday. My friends came to surprise me at 12 o’ clock at night. They bought me a big chocolate cake and many gifts. We cut the cake and ate it. Then I opened my gifts. I loved them. We talked and laughed for some time and then my friends went home. The next morning first I went to the temple after getting ready. Then I went to school. At school my friends wished me again. My teachers also blessed me. The class sang the birthday song for me. I gave everyone a small chocolate. At night my mother made my favorite food –pav bhaji for dinner. I loved it. Then my parents took me out for ice cream. That was the best birthday of my life.
Last Diwali I went for a holiday with my family. I went to Malwan. Malwan is a coastal village in Maharashtra. We went by car. It took us 6 hours to reach. We stayed in a small hotel near a lake. Our rooms were nice and clean. We were tired and went to sleep. The next day we went to the beach. There we did snorkeling. Then we played in the sand. We made sandcastles. In the evening we went for a long walk. We ate the local Malawani food for dinner. It was delicious. The next day we went for a boat ride on the sea. We saw 6 dolphins. They were very sweet. I clicked many pictures. Later we also visited the Sindhudurg fort. It is a sea fort which was built by Shivaji. It was very big and magnificent.
I really enjoyed my trip.
Time Expression Cards
An hour ago
Two weeks ago
Two days ago
A week ago
When I was six
When I was 10
Five years ago
A month ago
A long time ago
Ten years ago
Here is a challenging and fun way for students to practice past simple sentence formation. Before class, make one copy of the worksheet for each group of four students, cut the cards up as indicated, separate into two piles (time expression cards and verb cards) and shuffle.
Split the class into groups of four. Give each group a set of time expression cards and verb cards. Explain that the students are going to practice making true past simple sentences about themselves. Tell them to put the time expression cards face down on the desk and deal out the verb cards equally between the students in the group. Each student should have six verb cards in their hand. Students take it in turns to turn over a time expression card from the pile and then try to make a true past simple sentence using one of the verbs on their cards and the time expression.
If the student constructs a believable past simple sentence, which is agreed on by the other players to be true, the student may discard their verb card. If the other players think the sentence can’t be true, they challenge the student, and he or she has to keep the verb card. Students can also challenge the player if the sentence is grammatically incorrect or the wrong verb form is used, in which case the student also has to keep the card. The aim of the game is to be the first student to get rid of all their verb cards. If all the time expression cards get used up, they can be turned over and used again. The activity is quite easy at first because there is a choice of verbs, but it becomes more challenging to make a meaningful sentence as the game progresses
Activity for regular Past Simple pronunciation and spelling
The most active way of practicing this point is getting students to physically react depending on which form they think they hear (preferably being able to analyse them using the rules which have been presented to double check). This only really works with a double distinction (rather than trying to do all three pronunciations of –ed at the same time). Young learner classes can be asked to run and touch opposite walls of the room with “/id/” and “/d/ or /t/” written on them (in a game called Stations) or race to slap one of two cards on their desk.
Who did what?
Students are given some cards with verbs or whole actions on (e.g. “Jump” or “Jump next to the teacher’s desk twice”). Several students stand up and do their actions at the same time, and the people sitting down have to say or write down who did what, plus in what order if each student had more than one card.
My Achievement (probably only for adult students)
Students talk about a significant achievement in their lives. They must describe what they did leading up to that event.
Example- completing graduation/ came first in class/ got full marks in maths-
Steps- took appropriate classes, went for tuition, did homework daily, studied hard for 5 hours every day etc.
Or Won football championship-
Steps- practiced with the team every day for 3 hours, exercised hard, built stamina, practiced penalties
Got a job/ wrote a letter in English/ bought a cycle etc
Good day Bad Day
Students talk about one good day and one bad day in their lives, explaining why it was bad.
The teacher may give a demo first.
Another way of executing this activity is as follows-
As a class, brainstorm and make a list of things that make a day good or bad.
Eg- Bad day- getting late for class, spilling coffee, get punished in school, getting hurt, losing money/some other valuable, having a fight with someone…etc
Good day- getting praised in class, getting a good result, having fun with friends, getting a gift, being on time etc
Students then get into pairs and ask their partners questions such as – Did you spill coffee yesterday? Or Did you have fun with friends yesterday? The partner must answer ‘Yes, I did” or ‘No I didn’t’ as the case may be. The students may have this question answer session to cover all/ a specific number of activities from the list you have created (say 10 from each list). After answering the questions they must look at their answers and try to decide if yesterday was more of a good day for them or more of a bad day.
The students can be given a piece of cardboard and asked to make the face of a clock on it. The teacher can then attach two hands on the clock using a pin in such a way that the hands can be moved.
Thereafter, the teacher or the students can take turn asking questions like- What time did you have breakfast/lunch/dinner yesterday or what time did you go to bed last night? The student whose turn it is must answer, must move the hands of the clock to signify the correct time and must answer in simple past. Example- I ate dinner at 8 PM yesterday.
Mistakes: Tell students to write around 3 statements in the past tense on slips of paper, but tell them to make mistakes in writing the tense. Example- They must write- I eated breakfast at 3 PM yesterday. Or I singed a dance yesterday. (Such crazy situations make the class more fun. However if you feel thatthis is too hard for your students, they may write sentences that are wrong only in the grammatical sense and not in the sense of logic like the examples given here). Collect all the strips and swap them with others. Every child must now correct the statements he has received.
Can be done even as a group activity.
The teacher writes/ says a verb aloud in the infinitive form. Students must bang the table if they know the past tense of the verb. The student who bangs first gets to answer. If the answer is correct, he/his team (this can be played even as a team game) get a point.
The last time I
Write a number of actions on different slips of paper. Place these slips in the middle, face down. A student picks up one slip and makes a sentence using that action using the sentence structure- The last time I (the action in past tense) was (time phrase). Example- The last time I played cricket was on last Sunday.
If the sentence is correct the student may keep the slip with himself. If its wrong, he must return it to the pile.
Examples of actions: play cricket, dance, sing, run, ride a cycle, watch TV, watch a film, cook, go shopping etc
Write 12 key times on little squares (Example 8am, 10pm, 12pm, 5pm, 7am etc) Put them in a box. The student whose turn it is pull one square. He must then make a sentence using the sentence structure- ‘Yesterday I (relevant verb in simple past) at (the time he picked) o’ clock. You may put in a few wild card squares with ? on them. Here the child can choose any time he likes.