Sentence structure 6

Welcome

This is the sixth SS for Level 1. To understand this SS student is expected to have a working knowledge upto SS-5. You can confirm their knowledge by taking them through the Level Selector Test.


How to use this SS?

After setting up the class follow these steps:

First, cover the vocabulary section by explaining to the student the meaning of the words in their local language. Ask the students to note down these word meanings in their notebook. The words in the vocabulary section (below) will be used in the table which we will create next.

Now, recreate the table (below) on the black board (you can use fewer words in column 3 to speed it up). After this, make some sentences using the match the following style i.e. choose one word from 1st column then choose an appropriate word from second and then choose the appropriate 3rd column phrase/word. Demonstrate this process to the students and lead them to make few more sentences like this. A few sample sentences made using the table words are given below the table for quick reference.

After this stage students when you feel that students have some clarity about the Table then begin the individual exercises. The exercises can be taught in any order but it is recommended to teach them in the given order. After the exercises move on to the story section. This section is made so that students are able to apply all the sentences taught in this SS in their day to day conversations.


About this SS

Daily/Weekly/Monthly/Always : These words are hallmark of simple present tense. Explain that “I usually eat rice at 5 pm” makes more sense than “I eat rice at 5 pm” (first one gives more details and helps the asker get a better understanding of the answerer’s mind, than the new one).
• when/ where do you eat / study /drink (verb) : rice/English / milk (object) ? : what do you usually/sometimes/never … do at 5pm daily (time)/ at her home (place)…?

To get the object ask : what do you study/play etc at 5 pm etc. So this SS is an extension of the previous SS with more complex sentence being formed. So explain to the kid that unlike the sequential questioning format of last SS: this time we are going to give more information of time/space in a single sentence itself. We are going to combine the previous 3 SS together. Tell them that use of simple present tense is to tell simple facts about themselves /or some other people they know i.e. give general information about themselves/person they know (he / she / her classmate etc) and not information specific to a particular time frame ( happened /happening/ will happen etc.). And we can use words like usually/often etc to be more specific as to how frequently we do that particular activity.

Compound pronouns : combine together when and where & with whom and ???? So expect answers like these (continuation from combined spatial prepositions introduced in SS4 : here we combine both special (special can be compound itself e.g. in the park , behind the tower, in front of masjid etc) & temporal prepositions together):
• I usually play cricket at the park behind the colony at 5 pm. ( no and/but/if : the compound preposition has 2 parts a compound te)
• I usually play cricket at 5 pm and behind my house.
NOTE: Sample Interrogative form for them would be what do you do + temporal preposition (in the evening/at night)?

New things to teach


Daily/weekly/monthly/always/never/often/sometimes/usually (some are used as adjectives / some are adverb). In this SS use them in a separate part: in the coming SS use them as part of words in any part.



​NOTES:

• Phrase 1, 2 , 3 and 4 (column 4, 5, 6 and 7) are optional for some of the sentences.The choice of optional part (out of 4 and 5) depends on what interrogative form is being used.

• Column 1 and column 2 order can be changed. column 2 comes before in sentences when the person is speaking about a habit himself e.g. Usually I play cricket in the evenings. And column 1 comes before when the person is answering a question about his/her habit e.g. Yes, I usually play cricket in the evenings.

Vocabulary

​New Verbs

Prepare, clean, feed, cook, meet, make, take, leave, get on, arrive, come back, earn, study, speak, help, catch (thieves), make (clothes, cakes), cure, drive, cut (hair), teach, paint, bring (joy), celebrate, wear, have a bath, go, come, eat, talk, have fun, light (diya), burst (crackers), club, watch (film), learn swimming, speak, do, read

Tables

  • Table 1
  • Table 2
  • table 3

NOTE: some verbs like “go” and “live” do not take objects so Phrase 1 is never used for them. For others phrase 1 maybe used or may not be used e.g. I play cricket in the afternoon AND I play in the afternoon – both these sentences are correct.

​Subject

​Verbs

Object

​Phrase

Where

When

We

You

He

She

They

It

My father

Our parents

My best friend Komal

Your friends Anjali and Ramesh

Her sister Radhika

Their clasmate

Raj

Riya​

play

go

study

eat

sleep

like

give

(What?)

Cricket | kho-kho | Football

English | Maths | Social science | Science

Rice | roti | chocolate | my sweets

the sun | my mother | her classmate Ravi | our PM | my school xyz public school​

gifts | flowers | my pencil colours​

(With whom/what?)

with my friend Rekha

with her sister

with a cricket bat

with sambhar

(For whom/what?)​

for my sister/friend

for his birthday

for Diwali/Holi

for the next class

(To whom?)

 To Radha

To my father

in Hyderabad

at the park

in my house

at my school

on the roof

on the weekend

at night

in the evening

in the morning at 6 am

at 9 pm

during the summer vacations​

Using the Table

Exercises

NOTE: Words in the bracket are those that are not part of the table/ exercises but belong to the same word family

Exercise 1

Write sentences in the simple present tense for each picture.

Nouns

Verbs

​What: car, dosa

Where: home, garden, bed, kitchen

When: at night, in the evening​

​sleep, study, play, drive, make

​1. He studies at home at 3 PM. (Verb+where+when)

​2. They…… (Verb- sleep + where+ when)

​3. Tarun…… (Verb- drive+ what+ when)

​4. Rajesh……. (Verb- make + what+ where)

5. The children….. (Verb- play + where + when)​

Exercise 2

​Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

Nouns

Verbs

​Housewife, factory

Prepare, clean, feed, cook, meet, make, love, work, take, leave, get on, arrive, come back, earn, like, play, study, speak

Hello everybody! My name……… (be) Abhishek and this …….(be) my family.


My mother’s name …….(be) Amrita. She …….(be) a housewife and she …….(be) 35 years old. She ……….(wake up up) at 7o’clock every morning and …………….(prepare) breakfast. She …………(clean) our house and …………(feed) our dog. She ………..(cook) well. She usually …………(meet) her friends at home in the evening and she …………..(make) delicious cakes. She …….(be) the best mom and I …………(love) her very much.


My father’s name …….(be) Ashok. He …….(be) 35 years old and he …….(be) fit. He …………..(work) at a factory. The factory …………(make) cars. He always …………(take) a shower at 7:30 and ………..(leave) home at 8:30.He ………..(get on) the bus and ………..(arrive) at the factory at 9 o’clock. He really ………(like) his job but he ………(not earn) much. He ……….(come back) home at 7 o’clock in the evening and ……….(play) with me. I _____(love) him too.


I have got a sister. Her name …….(be) Alia. Alia …….(be) 8 years old and she …….(be) in school. She …….(be) very intelligent. She ……….(study) 2 hours a day. She _______(speak) three languages-English,Telugu and Spanish. I …….(play) with her every day.

Exercise 3

What do they do ? Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the list. Then number the pictures

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives​

​Professions- policeman, doctor, nurse, barber, tailor, taxi driver, chef, baker, teacher, artist

​Places of work- hospital, city, shop, saloon, bakery, restaurant

​Other Nouns- food, patient, taxi, cake, student, picture, brush, road, clothes, thieves, hair

Help, catch (thieves), make (clothes, cakes), cure, drive, cut (hair), teach, paint

Delicious

cooks delicious food
• helps doctors
• catches thieves
• makes clothes
• cures patients
• drives a taxi
• makes cake
• cuts hair
• teaches students
• paints pictures

1) A doctor _____________________ in a hospital.
2) A taxi driver__________ on the road.
3) A chef _____________________ in a restaurant.
4) A baker _____________________ in his bakery.
5) A barber __________________ in the saloon (barber’s shop).
6) A tailor _____________________in his shop.
7) A teacher _____________________ at school.
8) An artist _____________________ with his brush.
9) A nurse _____________________ in a hospital.
10) A policeman _____________________ in the city.

Exercise 4

Read the paragraph and answer the questions that follow.

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives​

Festival, joy, lights, days, three, oil bath, clothes, temple, relatives, neighbours, compound, diyas


Festivals- Diwali, Pongal, Onam, Ramzan, Christmas, Buddha Purnima, Mahavir Jayanti, Guru Nanak Jayanti


Food- poori, dal, namkee, rice, vegetable, sweets

Bring (joy), celebrate, wear, have a bath, go, come, eat, talk, have fun, light (diya), burst (crackers)

New

Hi! I am Radhika. I love festivals.
We have many festivals in India. Festivals bring joy. Some of the festivals of India are Diwali, Pongal, Onam, Ramzan, Christmas, Buddha Poornima, Mahavira Jayanthi and Guru Nanak Jayanthi.
Diwali is the Festival of Lights. Indians celebrate this festival for three days. I celebrate Diwali with my family every year. We wake up at 6AM and have an oil bath. We wear new clothes. We go to the temple at 7AM. Our relatives and neighbours come home in the morning. We eat, talk and have fun. Everyone eats lunch together in the house at 1PM. We have pooris, vegetable, dal, rice, namkeens and sweets for lunch. In the evening, we light diyas in the house. After dark the children burst crackers in the compound. Everyone loves Diwali.

1. With whom does Radhika celebrate Diwali?
2. When does Radhika’s family go to the temple on Diwali day?
3. What do the children do after dark on Diwali day?
4. What does Radhika’s family have for lunch on Diwali day? When do they eat lunch?
5. When does Radhika’s family light diyas?

Exercise 5

Study the table below. Then answer the following questions in complete sentences.

Nouns

Verbs​

​Tennis, yoga class, lunch, dinner, film, garden

​club, watch (film), learn swimming, walk

Header 1 / 1

Thursday

Friday

Saturday​

Roshni

​Play tennis at the club with Dia

​Visit Anushka at the hospital at 8 am

Watch a film at Rahul Talkies at 6PM

Abhi

​Go to Yoga class with Tanu at 6AM

​Study with Alia at home

​Eat lunch with Raashi at Hotel Vaishali.

Dhruv​

​Learn swimming with Nidhi

​Walk in the garden at 5PM

​Cook dinner at home at 8PM

EXAMPLE: 1. What does Roshni do on Saturday?
                    Answer- Roshni watches a film at Rahul Talkies at 6pm.

2. With whom does Dhruv learn swimming on Thursday?
3. Who eats lunch at Hotel Vaishali on Saturday?
4. What does Dhruv do on Friday?
5. Does Abhi play tennis on Thursday?
6. What does Roshni do on Friday?
7. When does Abhi go for Yoga class on Thursday?

Exercise 6

First complete the table. Then write out the complete sentences below. The first one has been done for you.

Nouns

Verbs​

homework, books, newspaper, milk, rice, sport

speak, sleep, do, read

Header 1 / 1

Verb

What

Where

When​

I​

play

​cricket/football/ (any sport of your choice)

in the park

​in the evening/at 5PM/every day.

I​

learn

English

I​

eat

​rice/ dosa/ (any food of your choice)

I​

speak

Telugu

I​

sleep

.................

I​

do

my homework

I​

read

​books/ the newspaper

I​

drink​

​milk (any drink of your choice)

Full sentences-


1. I play cricket in the park in the evening.


2. _______________________________


3. _______________________________


4. ________________________________


5. _________________________________


6. _________________________________


7. _________________________________


8. _________________________________

Exercise 7

​Match the following verbs with the correct phrase. Then complete the sentences given below.

Verb

Phrase

1. Learn English, maths and science

​In the evening with my friends.

​2. Eat lunch

​In the bathroom every morning

​3. Sleep

​In the kitchen at 7PM

​4. Play cricket

​In school everyday

​5. Cook dinner

​With my family at 12PM

​6. Take a bath

​In my room at 10 pm

Example: We learn English, maths and science in school every day

1. We learn English, maths and science in school every day.
2. I eat lunch _____________________________________.
3. Tanu __________________________________________.
4. He ____________________________________________.
5. My mother _____________________________________.
6. I_________

Activities

Task 1

(Daily life practical Application)

VOCABULARY:

​Cake, recipe, heat, oven, spread, butter, tin, bowl, mixture, pour, smooth, steel plate

It is Riya’s mother’s birthday. Riya wants to make her a cake. She does not know how to make a cake. She asks her aunt for help. Her aunt tells her the recipe on the phone. This is what her aunt says:

Heat the oven to 180°C.

Spread butter in a cake tin.

Put all the ingredients in a large bowl.

Mix them with a wood spoon for 1 minute. Make the mixture smooth.

Pour the mixture in the tin, smooth the top and bake in the oven for about 45-50 minutes.

Let the cake sit in the tin for 5 minutes, then turn the cake out onto a steel plate to cool.

Task 2

Guess the answer.

I think that you....

Right or Wrong

​Have _____(what) for breakfast at______ (when)

​Have dinner at_______ (when ) with ______ (with whom)

​Have _______ (what) for lunch with________(with whom)

​Play ______ (what) with _____(with whom)

Speak English at ________ (where) with ______(with whom)

​Learn _______ (what subjects) at ______ (school name).

​Leave home _______ (when) and arrive home at _____(when)

​Usually ___________ (do what, where) in the evening.

​Sleep at _______(when) in _______ (where)

​Go to school at ___(when) with ______(with whom)

In this pair activity, students talk about their Monday to Friday routine using the present simple tense. Before class, make one copy of the worksheet for each student.

Procedure

  • Divide the class into pairs. Pair each student with someone that they are not sitting next to and avoid pairing students who are already friends.
  • Give each student a copy of the table and tell them to write their partner’s name at the top.
  • Tell the students to complete the information about their partner by guessing the answers.
  • When they have finished, each student reads out their statements and their partner must say whether each statement is right or wrong.
  • If it is wrong, their partner gives the correct information and the student must note this down.
  • When the students have finished, ask them to discuss whether they have a lot in common with each other or not and get feedback from the class.

Task 3

My Weekday

VOCABULARY:  Cover all the words given in the verb list and activity list.

(NOTE:Please eliminate any verb/ activity from their corresponding lists if you feel they are too hard/ irrelevant for the children. Each time you eliminate a verb, please make sure that you eliminate the corresponding activity too and vice versa.)

In this speaking activity, students make positive and negative present simple sentences about their routines actives.

Procedure

Before class, make one copy of the time chart, verbs cards and activity cards for each group of three. Cut the verb cards and activity cards as indicated and keep the two sets separate.

Divide the class into groups of three.

Give each group a copy of the chart. Tell the class some things you do or don’t do during the

week, e.g. I watch TV on Wednesday evening. I don’t do any exercise on Monday morning.

Tell the students that they are going to talk about things they do and don’t do during the

week using cards to help them.

Give each group a set of verb cards. Tell them to shuffle the cards and put one in each

empty square of the chart, face down.

Next, give each group a set of activity cards. Tell the students to shuffle the cards and deal

them out equally.

Students take turns to turn over a verb card on the chart and match the verb with one of

the activities on their cards. They then make a true sentence about what they do or don’t do

at that time and day.

For example, a student turns up the verb go on the square representing Wednesday

morning, matches it with the word cycling and says, “I don’t go cycling on Wednesday

morning.”

If the group agrees that the sentence is correct, the student puts their activity card on top of

the verb card. The next student then turns over a verb card and so on.

If a student cannot match one of their activities with the verb on the chart, they miss a turn.

Tell the students that the aim of the game is to be the first student to get rid of all their

activity cards. The first student to do so is the winner.

Task 4

My Routine on a Sunday

  • Get the students to pair up with their friends

Instruct the class to discuss in pairs their ‘Sunday’ activities. You may write some questions on the blackboard like:

  • When do you get up?
  • What do you do in the morning? With whom? / Where?
  • When do you have lunch? What do you have for lunch? With whom do you have lunch?
  • What do you do in the afternoon? With whom? /Where?
  • What do you do in the evening? With whom? / Where?
  • What do you have for dinner? When do you have dinner? With whom do you have dinner?
  • What do you do at night?
  • When do you sleep? Where do you sleep?

Encourage the class to come up with more questions that can be added to the above.

  • Instruct students to obtain answers to these questions from their partners. Tell them to record their answers.
  • Invite each pair to come up and read aloud their written answers.

NOTE:  In order to ensure that the children make use of the more complex kind of sentences that come under SS 6 and not simpler sentences like those in SS5, instruct the children to merge the answers of 2 or more questions to create more complex sentences. Ensure that they understand what you mean when you talk about merging sentences. They must understand that they cannot randomly mix any two sentences they want in any fashion they like. Explain how the merging process works.

Example: They can merge the answers for the questions as follows-

  • When do you have lunch? What do you have for lunch? With whom do you have lunch?

Answer: I eat rice for lunch at 12 PM with my mother.

  • What do you do in the evening/morning/afternoon? With whom?

Answer: I play cricket in the evening/morning/afternoon with my friends.

To make the task simple for children, write the questions that can be merged in the same line as has been done above.

That is, give the question as-

  • When do you have lunch? What do you have for lunch?
  • When do you sleep? Where do you sleep?

And NOT as

  • When do you have lunch?
  • What do you have for lunch?
  • When do you sleep?
  • Where do you sleep?

Also explain that they needn’t marge all the questions in a given line. Any two will do.

That is they may choose any two questions from the line below for their answer.

  • When do you have lunch? What do you have for lunch? With whom do you have lunch?

Also in some cases, one of the questions given in a line may not be applicable to the answer of the root question. Explain to the student to leave out such questions.

  • What do you do in the evening? With whom? / Where?

Here if my answer to ‘What do you do in the evening?’ is ‘I wash clothes in the evening’, the question ‘with whom’ becomes irrelevant. So I leave that out and answer the question ‘where’ by saying ‘I wash clothes in the bathroom in the evening.’

To avoid such complications, you can simply instruct the children to choose such an activity which goes with both sub questions such as ‘play cricket.'

Leave a Comment:

Leave a Comment: